Counterurbanisation A marked decline in the total population, or growth of the population, of large metropolitan areas and the subsequent growth of smaller urban centres at their expense — first identified in North America in the 1970s where counterurbanisation had replaced urbanisation as the dominant force shaping the nation’s settlement pattern

Where:

The main counterurbanisation changes within and around Sydney have occurred in Newcastle and Wollongong, in coastal and hinterland areas such as Maitland and Cessnock. Counterurbanisation has also changed inland areas, Bathurst and Wagga Wagga.

  • Newcastle and Wollongong → Newcastle and Lake Macquarie, the two largest growing areas in 2015
  • Maryland - Fletcher - Minmi, to the north-west of Newcastle, both up by 330 people.
  • Edgeworth - Cameron Park to the west of Newcastle, and Glendale - Cardiff - Hillsborough to the north of Lake Macquarie, also had large increases (up by 280 people each).
  • For the Illawarra are the largest growth occurred in Wollongong, up by 590 people in 2015
  • The next large increase was Shellharbour - Oak Flats 280 people
  • Coastal and hinterland change →
  • Outside of Greater Sydney and Newcastle and Wollongong- the largest population increase in coastal and coastal hinterland areas was Maitland (Hunter Valley)- it increased by 660 people.
  • Maitland recorded the fastest growth in this region at 5.1% which was the fastest growth outside Greater Sydney
  • 480 people was the next largest increase, that was in Kingscliff (Fingal Head)
  • Cessnock also in the hunter valley increased by 430 people
  • Nowra on the south coast 350
  • Port Macquarie, mid-north coast 330
  • Inland change →
  • Regional centres continued to drive population growth in inland NSW
  • The largest increase in 2014-15 was in Bathurst in the Central West up by 340 people
  • Followed by Bathurst East, 300
  • Bathurst East recorded the fastest inland growth- up by 2.9%
  • Wagga Wagga- South 240 people
  • Griffith 230

Case Study:

Newcastle is one of the largest growing areas in 2015.

In 2016, the population of Newcastle is 165,050 and is expected to increase at an exponential rate of 1% every 5 years. It is predicted that in 2036, Newcastle will have a population of 198,350 which is a 20.2% growth between now and 2036

The projected population change is affected by the interaction of migration, births and deaths however the main factors that are influencing change in the area over the next 20 years are internal migration gain and overseas migration.

Through this table, it is evident that the largest increase in age profile is people over the age of 65. It is expected that the population of that age group to double over the next 20 years. This highlights that Newcastle is a popular destination for retirees as the housing prices in Newcastle are significantly cheaper and are more affordable and as a result is an attractive area for retirees.

To satisfy the increasing infrastructure demand to cater for the increasing population, it is projected that an addition of 16,800 dwellings will be need to be built over the next 20 years.

Credits:

Created with images by KIDKUTSMEDIA - "NYC 2013" • Unsplash - "road tree fog" • hypotekyfidler.cz - "Country road"

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