COPD Noor Sajjad

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease also known as COPD is a long term lung disease that blocks the airflow. It also may cause other diseases such as emphysema, chronic bronchitis and asthma.

Causes

Some things that cause COPD

- Tobacco smoke is a key factor that causes a development and progression of COPD.

- Air pollutants at home or in any work space.

- Current or former smokers

- People with a history of asthma

Lungs

Signs and Symptoms

- Breathing difficulty

- Frequent coughing

-Mucus (sputum) production

- Wheezing

- Tightness in chest

- Shortness in breath especially during physical activities

- Difficulty walking

- Memory loss

- Blueness of fingers and lips

- Swelling in ankles, feet, or legs

- Unintended weight loss

- Lack of energy

Healthy Lungs/ Lung After smoking

Treatments

- Requires careful and through evaluation from a physician.

- Treatments for COPD can reduce the high risk of death.

- For smokers the best way is to stop smoking.

- Removing air pollutants from home, work space, and any other frequent areas that the patients spends the most of his or her time.

- Symptoms dealt with coughing and wheezing can be treated with medication.

Prevention

- Avoid inhaling tobacco smoke and home and work space air pollutants

- If you have breathing problems then they should take a test to detect if they have COPD or not.

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