South Africa A Timeline

Event One:

4th Century Indigenous and Khoikhoi

The San and Khoikhoi are two of South Africa's native tribes. The San were hunters, while the Khoikhoi were the first to come into contact with the Dutch and given the nickname "Bushmen". Today, they are known as Khoisan (In picture) and are still domestic headers.

Event Two: 1910

Formation of Union of South Africa by British Colonies

The Union of South Africa is the historic predecessor (A person who held a job or office before the current holder) to the present-day South Africa. It became on May 31, 1910 with the unification of four previously separate British colonies: Cape Colony, Natal Colony, Transvaal Colony and Orange River Colony.

Event Three: 1912

African National Congress (ANC) Founded

The African National Congress was originally founded as the South African Native National Congress (SANNC) on January 8th, 1912 in Bloemfontein. They had the intention of fighting for the rights of black South Africans. The originization was renamed the African National Congress (ANC) in 1923.

Event Four: 1948

National Party Gains Control, Apartheid Adopted

The National Party was a political party in South Africa, that was founded in 1915. They first became the governing of the country in 1924. It was in resistance during the World War II years, but returned to power and was again in government from June 4th, 1948 until May 9th, 1994.

EvenT Five: 1950

Population Classified by Race, Nelson Mandela Begins Civil Disobedience

The South African activist and former president Nelson Mandela helped bring an end to apartheid. One of the ways he helped do this was by secretly traveling abroad to get military training for the ANC.

Event Six: 1964

ANC Leader Nelson Mandela Sentanced to Life Imprisoned

"In my country first you go to prison, then you become president." -Nelson Mandela
Mr. Mandela went to from prison for 27 years by the South African apartheid government. What did he do? He stood up against a government that was committing shocking human rights abuses against black South Africans. He was released from prison in 1910 and went on to lead the end of apartheid in 1994.

Event seven: 1994

ANC Wins Elections, Mandela Becomes President

On May 9th, 1994, South Africa's newly elected parliament chose Nelson Mandela to be the first black president of South Africa. He also was the first president of the post-apartheid era.

Nelson Mandela

July 18, 1918 - December 5, 2013

"Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world."
"It always seems impossible until it's done."

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