Malaria is a confounding ancient disease caused by a one celled parasite that can be transmitted into a person only by the bite of a infected anopheles mosquito or Plasmodium parasite , these mosquitoes are commonly outside biting between dusk and dawn.There are 2 forms of Malaria and around 30 things that can transmit them and also it depends on the environment and how well it can support a mosquito´s lifespan but the main way to control malaria is with vector control. Malaria can not be transmitted from person to person unless a pregnant women has malaria the unborn child will get it too.
When the mosquito bites a person a parasite enters their bloodstream and lays dormant in the liver. For the next 5-16 days and sometimes 10 days-4 weeks the person infected will show no symptoms but the parasites begin multiplying.The symptoms of Malaria are: chills, fevers, headaches, and sweating and sometimes malaria can give you a flu like illness. Anyone showing these signs of Malaria should be rushed to the hospital immediately.
Malaria affects the kidneys, liver, brain, and blood. When Malaria affects the blood it damages the red blood cells leading to anemia, the parasites also kill cells and causes them to block major organ vessels. Different kinds of parasites can lead to different symptoms for example a Cerebral Malaria parasite leads to comas, disabilities, and even death, all of these symptoms were found described in ancient Chinese writing in a book.
Malaria killed half a million people per year. nearly half the worlds population in 2015 was at risk to Malaria and more than 210 million cases occurred worldwide. But risk rates have dropped by 29% in 1951 when Malaria was considered eliminated from the U.S. By 2000 due to increased prevention and control measures deaths from Malaria have significantly decreased but the mosquito borne illness remains a health problem and substantial progress has been made in a fight to control and eliminate malaria completely.
On November 6th, 1880 Alphones Laveron discovered Malaria when he was studying a patients blood cells and saw that it was blue and rough looking while a normal blood cell is red and smooth. The cell had the parasite in it is why it was blue. Eight years later in 1888 Ronald Ross was the first to demonstrate how Malaria was transmitted.
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