Indian Removal Act By:Taylor lee

-In 1830, the Indian Removal Act was officially agreed on by congress. This act allowed President Jackson to remove Native American living in the southeast
  • American settlers wanted to move to the southeast because the land was included in Westward Expansion. The southeast had rich soil and was good for farming
  • Native American tribes such as the Creek, Seminole, and Cherokee were already living there.
  • President Andrew Jackson agreed with settlement in the southeast and planned to remove the Native Americans living in the southeast.
  • Congress was opposed to the law at first. Jackson started with the removal anyway.
  • In 1830, Congress signed the Indian Removal Act.
The Cherokee sued Georgia in Worcester v. Georgia in 1832.
  • The Cherokee who were living in Georgia had been viewed as a separate nation.
  • The Cherokee did not want to leave their homeland. But the state of Georgia ignore the Cherokee laws and pressured them to leave.
  • The Cherokee sued Georgia in Worcester v. Georgia to win their right to stay.
  • The Supreme Court ruled that Georgia could not force them to leave.
  • President Jackson ignored the ruling and forced them to leave.
The Cherokee
  • Means "speaker of another language"
  • Men in charge of hunting, war, and diplomacy.
  • Women in charge of farming, property, and family.
  • Lived by rivers in houses made of rivercane and plaster with thatched roofs.
  • The men wore leggings and the women wore skirts with poncho type shirts. Made of woven fiber or dear skin.Wore moccasins.
  • Traveled in canoes.
  • Grew corn, beans, squash, sunflowers. Hunted deer, turkey, and fish.
  • Georgia, North and South Carolina, Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee
  • Forcibly removed in 1838. Traveled on Tennessee, Ohio, Mississippi, and Arkansas rivers.
  • Moved to reservations in present day Oklahoma.
  • About 16,000 left, 4,000 died due to exposure, hunger, and disease.
The Creek
  • Also known as Muskogee
  • Lived in houses of rivercane, wood, or vines with mud coating. Later made log cabins.
  • Grew corn, beans, squash, melon, and sweet potatoes. Hunted deer and turkey.
  • Wore deerskin clothes. Women wore knee length skirts.
  • Louisiana, Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida
  • By river valleys, mountains, and swamps.
  • In 1827, 703 Creeks voluntarily relocated to present day Oklahoma.
  • More groups also began to volunteer, but many refused. Eventually war broke out and President Jackson removed all remaining Creeks from Alabama.
  • The reservations they were moved to included a written constitution, judiciary system, and public schools.
The Seminole
  • Means "runaway"
  • Clothes influenced by European styles. Big flouncy skirts and wider sleeved shirts.
  • Lived in Chickees, stilt houses that tore down easily. Eventually made log cabins.
  • Hunted rabbits, turkey, deer, fish, turtles, and alligators. Grew corn, squash, beans, rice, mushrooms, and pumpkins. Eventually raised cattle.
  • Lived in Florida
  • In 1832, 3,800 Seminole were forcibly removed from Florida and relocated to Oklahoma.
  • War broke out and the Seminole fought to stay on their land. The resistance was lead by Cheif Osceola.
  • In 1842, the Seminole were forced to surrender and relocated to reservations in Oklahoma. Only a few remained in Florida.
Conclusion

So in conclusion:

  • The Indian Removal Act was put in place by President Jackson and later approved by Congress.
  • President Jackson ignored the ruling for Georgia v. Worcester and forced the Cherokee to move.
  • The Indian Removal Act caused Native American tribes living in the southeast to relocate to reservations in Oklahoma.
  • Most Native Americans were forcibly removed from their homes using the federal military.
  • The Seminole, Creek, and Cherokee attempted to plead or fight the removal but in the end were forcibly removed.

Pictures of Indian Removal trails to reservations.

Credits:

Created with images by oviarema - "backround blue" • jalbertbowdenii - "Georgia Eclipse 2017 Path" • mqnr - "blue" • nick.mealey - "Paper Moutains" • clondike7 - "Water" • avocadogirlfriend - "Water"

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