Indian Removal Act By:Taylor lee

-In 1830, the Indian Removal Act was officially agreed on by congress. This act allowed President Jackson to remove Native American living in the southeast
  • American settlers wanted to move to the southeast because the land was included in Westward Expansion. The southeast had rich soil and was good for farming
  • Native American tribes such as the Creek, Seminole, and Cherokee were already living there.
  • President Andrew Jackson agreed with settlement in the southeast and planned to remove the Native Americans living in the southeast.
  • Congress was opposed to the law at first. Jackson started with the removal anyway.
  • In 1830, Congress signed the Indian Removal Act.
The Cherokee sued Georgia in Worcester v. Georgia in 1832.
  • The Cherokee who were living in Georgia had been viewed as a separate nation.
  • The Cherokee did not want to leave their homeland. But the state of Georgia ignore the Cherokee laws and pressured them to leave.
  • The Cherokee sued Georgia in Worcester v. Georgia to win their right to stay.
  • The Supreme Court ruled that Georgia could not force them to leave.
  • President Jackson ignored the ruling and forced them to leave.
The Cherokee
  • Means "speaker of another language"
  • Men in charge of hunting, war, and diplomacy.
  • Women in charge of farming, property, and family.
  • Lived by rivers in houses made of rivercane and plaster with thatched roofs.
  • The men wore leggings and the women wore skirts with poncho type shirts. Made of woven fiber or dear skin.Wore moccasins.
  • Traveled in canoes.
  • Grew corn, beans, squash, sunflowers. Hunted deer, turkey, and fish.
  • Georgia, North and South Carolina, Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee
  • Forcibly removed in 1838. Traveled on Tennessee, Ohio, Mississippi, and Arkansas rivers.
  • Moved to reservations in present day Oklahoma.
  • About 16,000 left, 4,000 died due to exposure, hunger, and disease.
The Creek
  • Also known as Muskogee
  • Lived in houses of rivercane, wood, or vines with mud coating. Later made log cabins.
  • Grew corn, beans, squash, melon, and sweet potatoes. Hunted deer and turkey.
  • Wore deerskin clothes. Women wore knee length skirts.
  • Louisiana, Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida
  • By river valleys, mountains, and swamps.
  • In 1827, 703 Creeks voluntarily relocated to present day Oklahoma.
  • More groups also began to volunteer, but many refused. Eventually war broke out and President Jackson removed all remaining Creeks from Alabama.
  • The reservations they were moved to included a written constitution, judiciary system, and public schools.
The Seminole
  • Means "runaway"
  • Clothes influenced by European styles. Big flouncy skirts and wider sleeved shirts.
  • Lived in Chickees, stilt houses that tore down easily. Eventually made log cabins.
  • Hunted rabbits, turkey, deer, fish, turtles, and alligators. Grew corn, squash, beans, rice, mushrooms, and pumpkins. Eventually raised cattle.
  • Lived in Florida
  • In 1832, 3,800 Seminole were forcibly removed from Florida and relocated to Oklahoma.
  • War broke out and the Seminole fought to stay on their land. The resistance was lead by Cheif Osceola.
  • In 1842, the Seminole were forced to surrender and relocated to reservations in Oklahoma. Only a few remained in Florida.

So in conclusion:

  • The Indian Removal Act was put in place by President Jackson and later approved by Congress.
  • President Jackson ignored the ruling for Georgia v. Worcester and forced the Cherokee to move.
  • The Indian Removal Act caused Native American tribes living in the southeast to relocate to reservations in Oklahoma.
  • Most Native Americans were forcibly removed from their homes using the federal military.
  • The Seminole, Creek, and Cherokee attempted to plead or fight the removal but in the end were forcibly removed.

Pictures of Indian Removal trails to reservations.


Created with images by oviarema - "backround blue" • jalbertbowdenii - "Georgia Eclipse 2017 Path" • mqnr - "blue" • nick.mealey - "Paper Moutains" • clondike7 - "Water" • avocadogirlfriend - "Water"

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