In 1884, London hosted the International Health Exhibition.
Francis Galton took advantage of this opportunity to set up his anthropometric laboratory. He stated that the purpose of this laboratory was to “show the public the simplicity of the instruments and methods by which the chief physical characteristics of man may be measured and recorded.” The laboratory was an interactive walk-through in which physical characteristics such as height, weight, and eyesight, would be measured for each subject after payment of an admission fee
As an investigator of the human mind, he founded psychometrics (the science of measuring mental faculties
- First, they would fill out a form with personal and family history (age, birthplace, marital status, residence, and occupation), then visit stations that recorded hair and eye color, followed by the keenness, color-sense, and depth perception of sight.
- Next, they would examine the keenness, or relative acuteness, of hearing and highest audible note of their hearing followed by an examination of their sense of touch.
- Their breathing capacity would also be measured, as well as their ability to throw a punch.
- The next stations would examine strength of both pulling and squeezing with both hands.
- Lastly, subjects' heights in various positions (sitting, standing, etc.) as well as arm span and weight would be measured.