Quick User Guide For the PL-Inspector or Jewellery Inspector

Synthetic diamonds can be colourless or fancy coloured. They are produced by one of two methods - either using high pressure high temperature (HPHT) or using chemical vapour deposition (CVD). They can be found, undeclared, in both loose and mounted form.

Colourless diamonds of both types exhibit the characteristic that the intensity of short -wave (SW) fluorescence is brighter than that of the long -wave (LW) fluorescence - in contrast to that of natural diamonds for which the opposite applies (LW > SW).

However, there are exceptions to this general rule, such as for Type II natural diamonds.

Examples of Natural, HPHT-grown and CVD-grown diamonds exposed to long-wave (LW) and short-wave (SW) ultra-violet radiation.

Diamonds which exhibit bluish fluorescence having SW > LW should be subjected to further testing, such as with crossed polarising filters or spectral analysis.

Another distinctive characteristic of HPHTcolourless diamonds is they can phosphoresce after illuminations with SW. The glow usually persists for 10 seconds or more. Almost all synthetic diamonds smaller than 2 mm are HPHT-grown and so should phosphoresce for a fraction of a second.

A synthetic (HPHT) diamond phosphorescent.

Yellow phosphorescence is normally associated with natural diamonds.


1. Allow the SW lamp to warm up for a minute or two before testing.

2. Check the LW reaction first in case there is any phosphorescence from SW.

3. To check for phosphorescence, illuminate the sample with SW for some 15 seconds before switching off the ultra-violet lamp.

4. Ensure the sample is resting on a black background.

5. Using a smartphone reduces ambient light striking the samples and can allow greater sensitivity.

6. When using a smartphone camera, switch off its flash and try to centralise the camera lens over the ‘Inspector’ viewing lens.

7. For jewellery with multiple diamonds comparison of images may be more effective. (Use the Gemetrix App - currently available on the Apple iOS store, Android version coming soon.)

Created By
Gemetrix Pty Ltd

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