Diamonds which exhibit bluish fluorescence having SW > LW should be subjected to further testing, such as with crossed polarising filters or spectral analysis.
Another distinctive characteristic of HPHTcolourless diamonds is they can phosphoresce after illuminations with SW. The glow usually persists for 10 seconds or more. Almost all synthetic diamonds smaller than 2 mm are HPHT-grown and so should phosphoresce for a fraction of a second.
A synthetic (HPHT) diamond phosphorescent.
Yellow phosphorescence is normally associated with natural diamonds.
TIPS for OBSERVING
1. Allow the SW lamp to warm up for a minute or two before testing.
2. Check the LW reaction first in case there is any phosphorescence from SW.
3. To check for phosphorescence, illuminate the sample with SW for some 15 seconds before switching off the ultra-violet lamp.
4. Ensure the sample is resting on a black background.
5. Using a smartphone reduces ambient light striking the samples and can allow greater sensitivity.
6. When using a smartphone camera, switch off its flash and try to centralise the camera lens over the ‘Inspector’ viewing lens.
7. For jewellery with multiple diamonds comparison of images may be more effective. (Use the Gemetrix App - currently available on the Apple iOS store, Android version coming soon.)