Chapter 11 Brady, koN christian

What we will be talking about is the Mongols, Japanese, Korea, India, and two from Southeast Asia. And we will be talking about the political, economic, and academic accomplishments of each of the following groups.

Mongols

Political Structure of Mongol Empire. Genghis Khan had supreme power and established the posts of prime minister, state judge, shaman, minister, marshal and darkhan. The unified Mongol state' s basic law was a code of laws called Ikh Zasag.

At the same time the Mongols imported Central Asian to serve as administrators in China, the Mongols also sent Han Chinese and Khitans from China to serve as administrators over the Muslim population in Bukhara in Central Asia, using foreigners to curtail the power of the local peoples of both lands

Mongol leader Genghis Khan 1162-1227 rose from humble beginnings to establish the largest land empire in history. After uniting the nomadic tribes of the Mongolian plateau, he conquered huge chunks of central Asia and China. His descendents expanded the empire even further, advancing to such far-off places as Poland, Vietnam, Syria and Korea.

Japan

The political government for Japan is run by some agricultural classes and families. But th some common political government is ran by a emporer. But, in Japanese history the emperor is sometimes assassined or over thrown by a group of people.

Economic and administrative activity increased during the Nara period. Roads linked Nara to provincial capitals, and taxes were collected more efficiently and routinely. Coins were minted, if not widely used. Outside the Nara area, however, there was little commercial activity, and in the provinces the old Shotoku land reform systems declined. By the mid-eighth century, shoen (landed estates), one of the most important economic institutions in medieval Japan, began to rise as a result of the search for a more manageable form of landholding.

Another major cultural development of the era was the permanent establishment of Buddhism in Japan. Buddhism had been introduced in the sixth century but had a mixed reception until the Nara period, when it was heartily embraced by Emperor Shomu. Shomu and his Fujiwara consort were fervent Buddhists and actively promoted the spread of Buddhism, making it the "guardian of the state" and strengthening Japanese institutions through still further Chinese acculturation.

Korea

The political system in Korea. It was ran by a hereditary monarch and powerful aristocratic families. But in the period of Buddhism was introduced they had three families with bitter rivalship.

After the Koreans were invaded by the Mongolians and lost the northern part of Korea to them. The Koreans accept the rule of the mongols and was able to have Koryo remaining power. They were then forced to build ships for the invasion of Japan.

The Koreans adopted the Chinese customs. Thus sticking to the customs they were in Oder to unify and remain in power. For 400 years.

India

The first phase was marked by the growth of three important political powers in India. These were Gurjara Pratiharas in north India, Palas in eastern India and Rashtrakutas in South India. These powers were constantly fighting with each other with a aim to set up their control on Gangetic region in northern India.

In the early eighth century, Islam became popular in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent and had a major impact on Indian civilization. This impact is still evident today in the division of the subcontinent into mostly Hindu India and two Islamic states, Bangladesh and Pakistan.One reason for Islam's success was the state of political disunity in India when it arrived. The Gupta Empire had collapsed, and no central authority had replaced it. India was divided into about 70 states, which fought each other constantly.

Well some of Indias great accomplishments were that they created there own language and they created there own religion. But there god was Buddha and they are trying to find inner peace.

Vietnam

Vietnamese rulers realized the advantages of taking over the Chinese model of centralized government. The new Vietnamese state, which called itself Dai Viet, adopted state Confucianism. Following the Chinese model, the rulers called themselves emperors and adopted Chinese court rituals.

The Chinese concerned Vietnam in 111 B.C, they had tried for many centuries to concer it. Later on the Vietnamese through out the Chinese government. There were many advantages to taking control, they named there self Dai Viet. The state of Dai Viet became a dynamic force on the Southeast Asian mainland. As its population grew, it expanded southward. Several centuries of bitter warfare with its southern neighbor, Champa, ended in Vietnamese victory by 1500

They adopted confusonism, they also adopted Chinese court rituals. They mainly adopted stuff from china, but some of the great things are Is that they took there land back from the chines and started expanding in the 1500.

Malay

The malay peninsula emerged in the region, and most of the parts of the peninsula was a archipelago. The region was based of a single rule. So just in China and Vietnam.

In the late 1200s it became a strong state, which made it a new kingdom of Majapahit , it emerged into a region. They ended up expanding into Muslim, Arab and Indian territory.

The Muslim conquest of the northern india, Muslim merchants either arabs or Indian converts. Settled in port cities in the regions and began to convert the local population. Then most of the region was converted to islam and became part of the sultanate of Melaka.

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