The Civil Rights Movement By: tHOMAS CASEY

The Civil Rights Act was originally proposed by President John F. Kennedy

The 1968 Civil Rights Act, also known as the Fair Housing Act, outlawed discrimination in the selling or renting of housing.

Since the first slaves arrived from Africa in 1619, there was a tremendous need for the protection and enforcement of a person’s civil rights.

In 1808, Congress bans the importation of slaves from Africa.

In 1863, President Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring “that all persons held as slaves” within the Confederate states “are, and henceforward shall be free.”

On May 17, 1954, the United States Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, declares that racial segregation in schools is unconstitutional.

On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat at the front of the “colored section” of a bus to a white passenger. In response to her arrest Montgomery’s black community launched a successful year-long bus boycott. Montgomery’s buses were desegregated on Dec. 21, 1956.

In early 1957, The Southern Christian Leadership Conference, a civil rights group, is established by Martin Luther King, Charles K. Steele, and Fred L. Shuttlesworth.

The National Civil Rights Museum in Memphis, Tennessee was once the Lorraine Motel, where Martin Luther King, Jr. was shot and killed in 1968.

Today, African-Americans have been elected or appointed to the highest positions in the U.S. government including Secretary of State (Colin Powell and Condoleezza Rice) and President (Barack Obama).


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