Sikhism is a universalizing, autonomous religion.
Sikhism originated in the Punjab area of South Asia, which now falls into the present-day countries of India and Pakistan. At that time, the main religions of that area were Hinduism and Islam.
Guru Nanak (1496-1538) was the founder of Sikhism. He lived in a village near the city of Lahore (in present-day Pakistan). God was revealed to Guru Nanak as The One Supreme Being who rules the universe by divine will.
Guru Nanak traveled widely through South Asia preaching his new faith and his new followers became known as Sikhs.
After the death of Guru Nanak, nine other Gurus succeeded him: Guru Angad, Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das, Guru Arjan, Guru Hargobind, Guru Har Rai, Guru Har Krishan, Guru Teg Bahadur, and Guru Gobind Singh.
The Guru Granth Sahib is a collection of devotional hymns and poetry which proclaims God and stresses the meditation of the True Guru (God). The Guru Granth Sahib lays down moral and ethical rules for development of the soul, spiritual salvation, and unity with God. The Guru Granth Sahib helps to establish a distinctive cultural landscape.
Bahá’í is a universalizing, autonomous religion.
The Bahá’í faith is the newest of the world's independent religions. Baha’u’llah (1817-1892) is the founder of the Bahá'í religion and is regarded as the most recent in the line of Messengers of God that includes Abraham, Moses, Buddha, Zoroaster, Christ and Muhammad.
It first appeared in Persia, then spread to neighbouring Muslim lands in the Ottoman and Russian Empires and to northern India. Though some early followers were of Jewish, Christian, or Zoroastrian background, the vast majority had been followers of Islam.
There are more than 5 million Bahá’ís in the world. The Bahá’í Faith is established in nearly every country and in many territories and overseas departments of countries. Most nations and some territories have a National Spiritual Assembly. In India, there are over a million Bahá’ís, making it the country with the highest Bahá’í population. The Bahá’í House of Worship in New Delhi is the most visited Bahá’í site in the world. In 2007, the House of Worship in New Delhi had 4.6 million visitors. In Iran, where the Bahá’í Faith originated, there are approximately 300,000 Bahá’ís, constituting the largest non-Muslim religious minority in that country.
Bahá'ís believe that there is only one God who is the source of all creation.
God is transcendent and all-knowing. He has sent, and will continue to send, prophets to humanity, through which they reveal the "Word of God." The prophets of God up to this time have been: Adam, Abraham, Moses, Krishna, Zoroaster, Buddha, Jesus Christ, Mohammad, and Baha'u'llah.
Bahá'í beliefs support gender and race equality, world government, freedom of expression and assembly, world peace, religious tolerance, and religious cooperation.
Every person possesses an immortal soul. Unlike everything else, the soul is not able to decompose. At death, the soul is freed to travel through the spirit world.
The Bahá'í's believe in an essential unity of the great religions of the world. Bahá'í's view all religions as having sprung from the same spiritual source.
Distinguishing Physical Symbols or traits
The House of Worship is required to be in a nonagon. There are currently seven Bahá’í Houses of Worship – in Australia, Germany, India, Panama, Samoa, Uganda, and the United States. The eighth temple will be in Chile. These temples help to create a unique cultural landscape.