Manila, Philippines, 18 October 2018 – On the second day of the 6th Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Forum, delegates engaged in a rich exchange of insights and learnings in resilience-building. The day opened with a reflection of the highlights of Day 1, and continued through to the festive atmosphere of the ADB Cocktail Reception in the evening. Sessions sought to develop a deeper understanding of inclusiveness in climate adaptation action.
Daniel Murdiyarso, Senior Scientist, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) Indonesia, focused on the benefits of a holistic, sustainable, ecosystem-based approach for building resilience. He demonstrated how mangroves are the epitome of resilience; providing protection against storm surges, storing carbon, and enabling fish and other creatures to live and thrive.
Urbanization will refocus for us the whole concept of resilience... Nature-based solutions in combination with grey infrastructure offer great opportunities and multiple resilience outcomes if properly planned.”
Tony Wong, Chief Executive, Cooperative Research Centre for Water Sensitive Cities (Plenary Session: Resilience of Industry and the Build Environment)
Integrating gender equality across all aspects of climate action is fundamental, not only because women and men are differently affected by the impacts of climate change, but also because of the role of women as holders of valuable knowledge and skills and as a powerful force driving climate action and ambition.”
Hon. Senator Loren Legarda, Senator of the Philippines, Chair of the Philippine Senate Foreign Relations Committee
Resilience of natural ecosystems: Sessions focused on how climate change is exacerbating existing economic, social and environmental challenges. Panelists agreed that harnessing and disseminating climate data is vital. Knowledge-sharing initiatives were showcased, through which to identify and prioritize knowledge gaps, such as through the Global Adaptation Network (GAN) and the Lima Adaptation Knowledge Initiative (LAKI). By exchanging experiences, adaptation practitioners have the opportunity to learn from solutions in action. National Universities were highlighted, for their potential to play a key role in long-term identification and implementation of national solutions for adaptation, often community-driven and nature-based.
Resilience of industry and the built environment: The morning parallel session emphasized how nature-based solutions provide benefits and flexibility. Panelists advocated for “green” (nature-based solution) whenever possible, and “grey” if there’s limited space for retrofitting fully nature-based solutions in existing cities. Local leaders as well as other stakeholders and beneficiaries should also be involved in planning for greener cities, working together towards long term sustainable land-use management.
The afternoon session focused on climate financing. The range of financing options and sources for adaptation funding were considered, including public financing at national, local and individual levels, international multi- and bi-lateral funds, private finance, and a variety of insurance products and ideas. One takeaway was that mechanisms should also be institutionalized and policy-driven, to ensure sustainability. Governments also need to recognize that they will be called to account for their adaptation responses.
When it comes to climate change resilience and risk management, policies and regulations have a very important role to play.
Xianfu Lu, Senior Climate Change Specialist, ADB (Plenary Session: Resilience of Industry and the Built Environment)
The currency private sectors speak to profit. But if impact measurements and performance could be part of the profit element, that would make a difference... make 'impact' a value-creation driver for financiers and the economy.”
Yuki Yasui, UN Environment Finance Initiative (Parallel Session: Financing the Resilience of Industry and the Built Environment)
Resilence of island communities: The morning session focused on promoting integrated adaptation approaches in the island context, with discussions of innovative approaches for action. “Blue growth” was discussed, in the context of framing Pacific Island countries as large ocean states as opposed to small island states. The thrust of the afternoon session was that science and indigenous knowledge do not need to be dichotomous, whilst public-private partnerships were recognized as critical for building momentum for adaptation actions. A key challenge is to ensure funding is utilized in a transparent manner; that it gets where it needs to go, to benefit local communities. Stakeholder and community consultation was recognised as crucial; inclusiveness leads to the right solutions
The challenge that lies ahead in implementing green jobs is ensuring that no one is left behind.
Khalid Hassan, Director, ILO (Parallel Session: Adaptation, Technology and Green Jobs)
The Green Jobs Law is a people-centered climate change adaptation measure that is meant to ensure welfare of the workers, from training to practice, while pursuing green economy. It's not enough that the workers survive at work, but it's more important that they develop and participate in economic development in the era of climate change.”
Jerome Ilagan, Policy Chief, CCC (Parallel Session: Adaptation, Technology and Green Jobs)
Green technologies are rapidly changing from being ineffective, inefficient, and very expensive. This change has to be fast and radical and we have to move with all men and women.”
Dilruba Haider, UN Women (Parallel Session: Adaptation, Technology and Green Jobs)
The second day of the forum echoed the importance of engaging the whole of society in climate adaptation and mitigation actions. The urgency of the issue – we only have 12 years according to the recent IPCC report – means that we cannot afford to work in silos. Climate actions must be inclusive, taking into consideration other sectoral vulnerabilities, whilst learning from successful examples. Panelists called for the integration of nature-based solutions, for Environment Ministries to work with other Ministries, and for all sectors and groups to seek co-benefits.
Adaptation is all about the solutions, not about the problems. We need to learn from each other - through harnessing South-South knowledge exchange.”
Dr Saleemul Huq, Senior Fellow, Climate Change Group, International Institute for Environment and Development and Director, International Centre for Climate Change and Development (Parallel Session: Nature-based Solutions)