Name: Tyler Handin
Group: Ben, Zara, Eduardo
Date: Feb 14-Feb 23, 2017
Badge Title: WOK Badge: Reason
My Title: Reason and its Limitations as a Way of Knowing
Journal #1: February 16th
What is the main point about your WOK that you want to make in your Badge Project?
We want to explore the question whether humans are instinctively rational? Using our TOK book, elective readings, and additional online resources we plan to explore and come to an overall conclusion about whether humans are instinctively rational or if it is something that has to be taught. As of now we are still in the early phases of our project and have not had time to look into specifics in regards to our main question.
Journal #2: February 16th
How reliable is reason as a way of knowing?
We decided to change our question to how reliable is reason as a way of knowing? We did this because we believe that we will be able to give a more in depth and complete presentation. This question allows us to to branch out and discuss more ideas than before.
Reason is useful as a way of knowing when applied correctly.
Allows the knower to have objective knowledge that is less disputable than knowledge acquired from emotion.
It can be argued that knowledge cannot be acquired without reason.
Deduction and induction rely on each other which can be generalized and formed into unprovable statements.
Reason is a good way of knowing but should not be relied on too heavily.
Even though the conclusion isn’t technically correct it may be true based off its premises. As a result, reason as a way of knowing is limited in itself because it focuses on the structure of the argument.
Today I learned a lot about reason and how limited and complicated it is as a way of knowing by itself. To “fact check” the conclusion you usually have to use your other ways of knowing to make sure that the conclusion is correct.
Journal #3: February 21st
The main point of our project is to decipher whether reason is a reliable way of knowing? In order to do this we will use multiple resources such as our TOK book, online websites, videos, elective readings, and Mr Morrison to get to an answer. Our plan is to present our finding in an interactive lesson with our classmates. Using specific explanations and strategies we will help them understand how we got to our conclusion.
Elective Reading: Verberg: Methods of Proof
Varberg approaches reason as a way of knowing through mathematics. Using things like Venn Diagrams he is able to break down and decipher the logistics of reason and come to a deeper understanding.
What did I learn today?
Today I learned a lot about logical fallacies, equivocation, and ad ignorantiam. These specific examples are very important to us because we will be able to use them as evidence and examples to prove our overall point. Moreover, I learned that working as a team is quicker and easier when everyone is committed, focused, and ready to share ideas.
Main Point: Reason works well when used with other WOKs, but does not provide us with truth when used alone.
Overall, I feel very prepared for our Badge Project. We did a lot of wok today and figured out what we are going to do for our presentation.
We still have to put finishing touches on our presentation, we have to delegate specific roles, and we still have to practice.
Journal #4: February 23rd
Today we presented on reason. It went really well and I believe we were able to teach the rest of the class very well. We helped them to understand why reason as a way of knowing was limited in itself. Using notecards in our activity we showed the class how the premises determine our conclusion. Without other WOKs to ‘fact check’ the conclusion we are not able to determine whether our conclusion is actually valid. All in all, the presentation went very smoothly.