Type 1 Diabetes Caroline Rast & Alondrea Reid

Type 1 Diabetes Background Information:

Type 1 diabetes most often develops in children and young adults, but it can be diagnosed at any age. It is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the insulin-producing beta cells within the pancreas are destroyed and fail to produce insulin. Insulin is needed to help the body's cells use glucose for energy. If glucose can't be absorbed by the cells, it will buildup in the bloodstream causing high blood sugar. Without the glucose in the cells, the body won't have energy to use.

Type 1 diabetes' risk factors include family history, or an autoimmune disease.

Symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Excessive thirst
  • frequent urination
  • extreme hunger
  • unexplained weight loss
  • fatigue
  • rapid breathing
  • blurred vision
  • headache
  • high blood pressure
  • etc.

Dietary Recommendations

Type 1 diabetes is based on your diet and the things you eat. It helps your body to use the insulin your body needs. When you are diagnosed with diabetes your doctor talks to you about the food you should in food portions and eating habits. A good guideline for diabetics is to limit total carbohydrate consumption to 45-60 grams per meal 9 ( no more than 180 grams per day ) something really good is when they take in 1/4 of protein and 1/2 of starch , 1/2 of non starchy vegetables . the ratio of percentage of grams in the diet for a diabetic should be 55% of carbs , 20% of fats and 25% protein . Diabetics is also the nutrients dense of carbohydrates are recommended like wheat bread instead of white bread .

Recommended foods:

Healthy Carbohydrates- fruit ,vegetables, whole grain , beans and also low fat dairy products.

The food that you avoid is saturated fats which is like sausage and bacon , high - fat dairy products that contain a lot of saturated fats .

*Trans fat they are found in processed snacks , baked goods .

Blood sugar monitoring:

Testing for blood glucose is done with a blood glucose monitoring device that draws out a drop of blood and will digitally give you your blood glucose level. You can easily do it yourself. An A1C test gives you a picture of your average blood glucose (blood sugar) control for the past 2 to 3 months. Your doctor can test your A1C for you. It tells how much glucose is left on hemoglobin. A diabetic's A1C should be at 7% or below

  • A1C: 7%
  • Before a meal (preprandial plasma glucose): 80–130 mg/dl
  • 1-2 hours after beginning of the meal (Postprandial plasma glucose)*: Less than 180 mg/dl

Exercise and Lifestyle Recommendations:

Diabetic lifestyle and exercise is very important , they have to look at how much sugar they take in by each amount of food they eat if they take into to much their sugar will get really high and if it gets to high you can go into a sugar coma. The benefit of exercise and having a stable lifestyle is to have good blood pressure and better control of food portions and better weight control so you can have more energy and you will be leaner and stronger . For type 1 diabetics you always have to check your sugar before and after because you don't want your sugar to get to low . The person should always keep a sweet snack on them because if there sugar gets too low then they could pass out or feel really clammy and that won't be good for them.

A Diabetic's Personal Account:

Actor, Tom Hanks, has type two diabetes. "Yeah! I got type-two diabetes! I'm sure there's going to be some media scandal now, saying I got it because I gained and lost weight for movie parts or something." This shows his struggle with weight as a symptom of diabetes and how it affects him.

Musician, Nick Jonas, was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at the age of 13. About a year and a half after his diagnosis, Nick publicly announced that he had diabetes at Carnival For a Cure. Nick's advice to those newly diagnosed with diabetes is, "Don't let it slow you down at all. I made a promise to myself on the way to the hospital that I wouldn't let this thing slow me down and I'd just keep moving forward, and that's what I did. Just keep a positive attitude and keep moving forward with it. Don't be discouraged."


  • DLife - For Your Diabetes Life | Diabetes | Type 1 Diabetes | Type 2 Diabetes. (n.d.). Retrieved December 06, 2016, from http://www.dlife.com/
  • @. (n.d.). Diabetes - Find Community, News, Information on Diabetes. Retrieved December 06, 2016, from http://www.healthcentral.com/diabetes/
  • American Diabetes Association. (n.d.). Retrieved December 06, 2016, from http://www.diabetes.org/


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