Geography fieldwork report By chrisitna

Cape Schanck

The loCation of cape schanCk

Map1.1 Source:Wikipedia


Coastal features



In (P1.2) the stack has a sandstone base with a basalt cap. The top of the stack is a made out of volcanic materials because the lava had floated across the stack before. Stacks were once part of the headland or cliff, but as erosions happen, the waves create an arch, and the top part of the arch falls down, leaving a stack standing individually. The image had shown that the top part of the stacked had been weathered through rainfalls, high and low temperatures, weathers, or chemicals. The base of the stack has evidence of erosion, most of them may have been eroded in the form of abrasion.



The headland in (P1.3) has been covered by organised vegetation, mainly grass, there's a few trees at the joint of mainland and the headland. Some rips were happening around the edge of the headland, waves eroded the headland mainly through abrasion or hydrolic action. Not much human damages had been seen.

Figure1.4 Figure1.5


The beach in Cape Schanck (figure 1.4 and figure1.5) is made up of small round rocks, these rocks had been formed though attrition as a form of erosion. Some seaweed and bones of sea animals(such as cuttlefish bones) had been carried up the beach and had dried out. A small amount of weathering also happened had the beach, caused some rocks to crack. The closer the rocks are to the sea level, the rounder and smoother the rocks are.


CoasTal processes



In figure 1.6, it has shown that the strong wind had constantly blowing the cliff causing it to erode.

Hydrolic action


In figure 1.7, the wave cut notch created a perfect area for hydrolic action to happen. The waves comes in directly towards the notch and pushing the air pressure into the stones, which creates erosion.


Figure 1.8

Referring to the "Beach" section, figure1.8 had shown evidence of attrition, when rocks gets washed by the waves, they hit each other, and causing them to break down and become smoother.


Unsatasfactory human impActs


In (figure1.9), the fences were broken, and had been left there untreated. It can make an impact on the vegetations under it, and also allowing people to have access to the areas been blocked off.



The evidence of littering, shown in(figure1.10), is a very harmful action to the nature, and this action can increase caused by the increasing population and the increasing tourists amount. It can damage the surrounding vegetations, pollute the ocean, and cause animals to be in dangers because they can mistaken it for food and been choked or infected.


CoAstal management

Restrict humAn movement



Referring to (figure1.11), fences had been created all along the broadwalk to restrict human movements to damage the natural habitat, vegetations and the rock features, although the fences can be destroyed but it gives people alerts and raise the awareness of the importance of protecting the environment.

PRovide eDucaTional information


Figure1.12(top), figure1.13(bottom left), figure 1.14(bottom right)

The signs in (figure1.12), (figure1.13),(figure1.14) are all able to provide useful informations about the coastal area. (Figure1.12) shows the safety guidelines and what things are prohibited. (figure1.13) and (figure1.14) shows the species that inhabits in the area and provide a short description of them.



The location of the Gunnamatta Beach

Figure2.1 Source:Wikipedia



Sand dunes


In (figure2.2), the primary dune is half covered in vegetations and traces of people trampling through the dune can be seen. Although a boardwalk had been created, but people still choose to take the short cut through the primary dune.



In (figure2.3) and (figure2.4). The beach is made out quite large grinds of sand and a mixture of different small crystals and stones. The area is really organised and clean, no existing rubbish was seen.



In (figure2.5), the vegetations covering the primary dune were mostly ammophila and spinifex. They are extremely salt resistant, which means they are adapted to the salty environment.

Coastal processes

Long Shore DRift


Long shore drifts are waves that goes along the coast line, paralleled. Waves are not always going towards the beach, they often are long shore drifts. It brings sand with it along the beach.



Strong wind blowing at the sand dunes can create erosions like in(figure 2.7), it can often start from a small erosion and turn into a bigger erosion.



These rips in(figure2.8) can carry out sand with its strong currents, bring them out to the ocean. They form an "accelerator track" going outwards, and can be identified by an large area of ocean without waves.

Unsatasfactory Human impacts

Trampling through dunes


Many paths like this(figure2.9) had been found in the Gunnamatta beach, us humans wanted to go through short cuts and unaware of the fact that we're actually damaging the environment. The vegetations gets destroyed and the sand dune is unable to protect the beach from erosions, pollutions and human activities from above.

Car parks


Car parks like the one in (figure2.10) in Gunnamatta can create huge damage to the area, such as air pollution, noise pollution and waste.

Coastal management

Protect the enviRonment



In (figure2.11), the boardwalk has protected the dunes very well from a large amount of trampling, although many people still choose to walk through the dunes, but the boardwalk surely provided a better option.

PrOvide educaTional information



In (figure2.12), the sign warns the dangers of bringing dogs in this area, because of the birds are being protected on this beach, and allows us to acknowledge the birds are conserved.


St Andrew's

The Location of st andrew's

Figure3.1 Source:Wikipedia

Coastal features

Rock platforms


The rock platforms in (figure3.1) is created by hydrolic action attacking the base of the rock, creating a wave cut notch and it has gradually formed a rock platform.



In (figure3.2), we can see the sand on the beach is really thin, but very "crunchy". There's a lot of bigger pebbles lying in the sand, along with some shells.

Sand dunes


In (figure3.3), the sand dune is fully covered with well grown vegetations, the vegetations are undistracted and be able to protect the beach really well.

CoastAl prOcesses



The stone platforms in (figure3.4) had been eroded by abrasion, the rocks got washed up by the waves, grinds the rocks like sand paper, which makes the rocks smoother on some sides,



In (figure3.5), the sand dunes were eroded because the wind weathered the dune and making some of the sand to roll down.



Some solution may have happened in (figure3.6), the acid had washed away parts of the rock and leaving a raindrop like shape.

UnsAtasfactory human impacts



In (figure3.7), footsteps can be seen. TrampLing through the dunes can cause damage to the vegetations and erosions to happen to the dunes.

Properties next to dunes


In (figure3.8), there are houses at the top of the dune, and that can be very harmful to the environment. People who live next to the dunes are very likely to create short cuts to get to the beach and destroy the plants. Their rubbish can also be carried down to the beach in different forms.

Coastal Management


The Parks Victoria(figure3.9) had done a restoration project on the dune of this area, and now the vegetations are in a really good state, they are very healthy and not damaged.



In(figure3.10), the sign gives information about the beach habitats, and tells us about how to protect these birds, is sign is very important because the information is very useful and it raises awareness.

Created By
Christina Wang


Credits to Tanya Shiv(figure 2.10, figure 2.9, figure 1.10) Figure 1.1, figure2.1, figure3.1-Wikipedia All other photos were taken by myself

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