Lyme disease Luisa Ramirez

In the U.S, Lyme disease wasn't discovered till 1960s. The bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi, was the cuase of Lyme disease which wasn't officially classified in until 1981. Lyme disease was first recognized after researchers saw the large amount of children being diagnosed with similar symptoms of Lyme disease in 1975. Then a scientist connected all the peices together and found the connection in Lyme disease and the bacteria in deer ticks. The American scientist that came from germany 🇩🇪 who discovered the connection was named Willy Burgdorfer. (He's the one in the picture)

Lyme disease is carried by infected deer ticks, an erythema migrants rash appears within a week or so from the tick bit. Some of the most common symptoms are swollen knees, paralysis, skin rashes, headaches, and severe chronic fatigue.

Two types of cures are...

- doxycycline for adults and children older than 8 years old

- cefuroxime and amoxicillin for adults, younger children, and women who are nursing or breast-feeding

Doxycycline-

It was discovered in late 1940s by Dr. Benjamin Duggar of Lederle Laboratories in New York. Then was later used as a treatment for the Lyme disease. It is an antibiotic.

Cefuroxime-

It was first discovered in 1978 as Zinacef. Discovered by the Glaxo, now known as GlaxoSimthKline. It is an enteral second-generation cephalosporin antibiotic.

A 2011 study showed 114 deaths reported in the 5 year period listing Lyme as a partial or direct cause. In 2013 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)confirmed that Lyme carditis—a condition in which the Lyme bacterium infects the heart—caused three deaths over the past two years. Since 1982 more than 150,000 cases have been reported to the CDC.

In 2015 the United States had 14 staets mainly affected by the disease..

* Connecticut

* Delaware

* Maine

* Maryland

* Massachusetts

* Minnesota

* New Hampshire

* New Jersey

* New York

* Pennsylvania

* Rhode Island

* Vermont

* Virginia

* Wisconsin

FUN FACT: Did Ötzi Have Lyme?

In 2012, a team of researchers claimed that the 5,300-year-old mummy known as Ötzi the Iceman, discovered along the Austria-Italy border in 1991, had contracted Lyme.

Work cited....... 😐

https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2016/p0208-lyme-disease.html

http://www.bayarealyme.org/about-lyme/history-lyme-disease/

http://www.aldf.com/lyme-disease/#whatIsLyme

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/02/140228-lyme-disease-borrelia-burgdorferi-deer-tick-science/

http://www.sheamedical.com/the-overlooked–and-deadly–complications-of-lyme-disease-and-its-coinfections

https://academic.oup.com/cid/article/52/3/364/307928/A-Review-of-Death-Certificates-Listing-Lyme#main

THEEEE ENDDD 🎬

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