Radical republicans and those in congress that feel that Johnson's plan is too light on the south so they are taking control. They plan on thanking control by outvoting him in the senate. They will then start radical reconstruction.
Radical Reconstruction Begins,
The congressional reconstruction plan, known as radical reconstruction, is much harsher than the previous plans. It, among other things, has made 5 military districts in the south, each controlled by a high ranking member of the army. These districts will only be let into the union if they follow a set of rules put in place by the government. One of these rules was that many white southerners had to take "The ironclad oath." This oath stated that you had not voluntarily served in or aided the confederate army. Refusing to take this oath can keep you from voting, serving on juries, or holding public office.
Freedmen Get the Vote,
As part of radial reconstruction, the army came to south to assist freemen to vote. By 1868, about 50,000 freedmen were registered in the state of Texas. The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was a group of white men founded in Tennessee who hated all African Americans and they attempted to block all reconstruction. Carpetbaggers were northerners who moved to have reconstruction and scalawags were white southerners who supported reconstruction. The KKK were against them for supporting reconstruction. The KKK just recently attacked and burned down a black church in West Texas.
Reconstruction will officially end on March 1870. White southerners are upset about the fact that legally, African Americans are equal to them. Most freed African Americans live on the outskirts of towns or in separate communities. They do this mostly out of fear of the KKK. In 1872 Richard Coke (a democrat) is elected. He will be the first democratic governer in a line of democratic governors for the next 100 years.