Sculptures of horses, such as the one shown, greeted people who enjoyed chariot races at the Hippodrome.
The dome of the Hagia Sophia towers more than 180 feet above the ground. For more than 1000 years, the Hagia Sophia was the largest cathedral in the world. When the Ottoman Turks conquered Constantinople in A.D. 1473, the cathedral was converted to a mosque. Today, Hagia Sophia is a museum.
In addition to body armor such as this, Byzantine cavalry soldiers also wore plumed helmets. Cavalry made the Byzantine army a formidable fighting force.
Mosaics are motifs or images created by an arrangement of colored glass or stone.
Saints are people considered holy by followers of the Christian faith.
Justinian extended the Byzantine Empire's borders but was unable to maintain them.