Plessy vs Ferguson By chase, jack, and ashton

Plessy vs Furgerson

It stemmed from an 1892 incident in which African-American train passenger Homer Plessy refused to sit in a Jim Crow car, breaking a Louisiana law. Rejecting Plessy’s argument that his constitutional rights were violated, the Court ruled that a state law that “implies merely a legal distinction” between whites and blacks did not conflict with the 13th and 14th Amendments.

By a 7-1 vote, the Court said that a state law that “implies merely a legal distinction” between the two races did not conflict with the 13th Amendment forbidding involuntary servitude, nor did it tend to reestablish such a condition.

Following the Plessy decision, restrictive legislation based on race continued and expanded steadily, and its reasoning was not overturned until Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka in 1954.

Plessy v. Ferguson allowed 'separate but equal,' also known as segregation, to become law in the United States. After this, Jim Crow laws, which were a system of laws meant to discriminate against African Americans, spread across the U.S. For decades, any type of public facility could be legally separated into 'whites only' and 'blacks only.'

Lasting impact: That meant that buses, water fountains, lunch counters, restrooms,movie theaters, schools, courtrooms, and even the United States Army could all be segregated.

Plessy argued that if skin color could be used as a basis of segregation, then discrimination against blondes or redheads could also be considered reasonable and legal.

Links

http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/plessy-v-ferguson

http://study.com/academy/lesson/plessy-v-ferguson-impact-summary-quiz.html

http://www.aacc.nche.edu/Resources/aaccprograms/diversity/brownvboard/Pages/supremecourt.aspx

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