Characteristics of the environment:
Characteristics of The environment: the features of this place include lots of different types of fish/mammals and lots of amazing coral reefs. This reef is all environmental made, this reef also has 600 continent islands . Man made features: There are no man made creations in the reef but they have created lots of different ways to look at the reef not just snorkelling and scuba diving that are man made, there are also rubbish that people drop into the ocean and end up there. There are also houses alone the shore line witch effects the rubbish in the ocean.
The significance of this place to the indigenous community:
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are the Traditional Owners of the Great Barrier Reef. There importance with the Great Barrier Reef goes back for more then 10,000 years ago, when the Great Barrier Reef was in fact above water. When the Great Barrier reef was above water the aboriginal people actually lived in some parts of of the reef before it was actually filled with Corel and sea water. Before all the coral the reef was filled with limestone hills, koalas, echidnas and wallabies. This reef is important to the indigenous people because the reef was their Home and still is to manny, they even grow up with the reef while the reef was growing its self. The original owners of the reef have lots of dream time story's about the reef but most are not puplic most of the stories are kept within there families. There are a lot of other clans still living next to the reef who still follow these stories, importance and rules with this reef.
Various parts of the reef are protected by many different ways for example one part of the reef has banned fishing other areas have limited fishing amounts. Another part of the reef is protecting certain mammals like whales, dolphins, dugongs and green turtles are protected.
How has the environment been challenged over the years?
The Great Barrier Reef has been challenged over the past years the reef has been challenged by all sorts of things, some have been sorted but others have not. The reef has suffered a series of crown thorn starfish since the 1960's the starfish have been destroying the corals, the crown thorn star fish impact on sea life can get so bad that the coral can die, there are many stages of the crown thorn starfish that can take between 1-15 years.
Tourism is also a big threat on the ocean. More then two million people visit the Great Barrier Reef a year. Tourists are carried across the reef by more then 500 boats.
The positive effect with tourism can be good to, with almost 2 million people seeing the reef a year Queensland Australia make a ton of money around about 1 billion Australian dollars a year that can go to the marine biologists trying to save and preserve the reef to make sure the reef can be with us for our years to come.
Although tourism is great it does have its negative sides, it has impact on small fragile corals being Brocken by just walking into the reef. Other effects that brake the coral include, ship anchors or boats dropping fuel and the amount of people swimming in the reef run of sweat and tan location has an negative impact on the fragile reef environment.
What is happening and Why is this occurring? what is happening to the Great Barrier Reef is called bleaching. Bleaching occurs when coral go through stress, this is a matter of climate the Warmer the ocean temperatures are they then put stress on coral and lead to coral bleaching. These past 2 years temperatures are increasing and it is a problem of climate change and pollution caused by our actions. Some other human threats includes shipping accidents, over fishing, oil spill and tourist visits.
Fact: with out stress These corals produce algae inside their polyps which gives them their Beautiful colors, and most importantly it provides there energy. After the coral goes through stress and becomes bleached the algae witch is there food leaves them and Without its food, the coral will starve and die.
Bleaching coral is not always dead coral. If it can stay alive until water temperatures decrease back to normal, then the symbiotic algae can return. But it may take decades for the coral to get back to its normal self.
Once a reef dies, it loses its fish, and turns into a seascape of green muck.
- Photo reference:
- The day.co.uk
- Website reference: