Iraq By Taylor Goodwin & Taylor Derham, P.5

  • History of Iraq: once a part of the Ottoman Empire
  • occupied by the UK in World War 1(1920)
  • got its independence in 1932 (freed from U.K. control)
  • previously faced many territorial disputes with Iran
  • Population: 38, 146, 025
  • World Rank: 37
  • Arab 75%-80%
  • Kurdish 15%-20%
  • Other 5%
  • Economy:
  • Primarily struggling due to -
  • Decline of demand in foreign markets due to rising oil prices
  • ISIS Insurgency seizing control in gov. commodities
  • The uprising political upheaval
  • GDP- $596.7 billion
  • GDP Per Capita- $16,500
  • Household consumption: 50.4%
  • Government consumption: 18.8%
  • Investment in fixed capital: 23.5%
  • Investment in inventories: 4.5%
  • Imports of goods and services: 27.9%
  • Unemployment Rate & World Ranking: 16% unemployment (2012)
  • Iraq ranks 158 in the world in terms of unemployment rate
  • Main Industries:
  • Agriculture - 5.7%
  • wheat, barley, rice, vegetables, cotton, sheep, poultry
  • Industry - 45.1%
  • petroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather
  • Services - 49.2%
  • labor force
  • Government Type:
  • Iraq’s government type is known as a federal parliamentary republic
  • Basically, a federal parliamentary republic has two levels of power, federal governments and state governments, which each perform specialized functions
  • For example: schools and law enforcement operates under state governments but roads, healthcare and foreign policy operates under the federal government
  • Capital: Baghdad
  • Administrative Divisions: Iraq’s administrative divisions include 18 governorates and 1 region
  • A governorate is an administrative division of a country, which is headed by a governor
  • Independence: 3, october 1932
  • From League of Nations under British administration
  • Information about Constitution: several previous ; latest adopted by referendum
  • 15 october 205
  • Description of Legal System: mixed legal system
  • civil and islamic law
  • Suffrage: 18 years of age
  • universal
  • Executive Branch:
  • Chief of State: President Fuad MASUM,
  • serves a 4 year term,
  • indirectly elected by Council of representatives.
  • Cabinet: Council of Ministers
  • Proposed by Prime Minister
  • Approved by Council of Representatives
  • Legislative Branch: unicameral
  • 320 elected in multi- seat constituencies, 8 seats reserved for minorites
  • Elections are every 4 years
  • Judicial Branch: Federal supreme court(consists of 9 judges)
  • limited to constitutional issues and disputes between regions and the central government
  • appointed to Higher Judicial Council

Credits:

Created with images by Free Grunge Textures - www.freestock.ca - "Iraq Grunge Flag"

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