NASA Solar System A Trip around saturn


Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun, and last of the planets known to ancient civilizations. It was known to the Babylonians and Far Eastern observer. The surface gravity on Saturn is about 107% of the surface gravity on Earth, so if you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 107 pounds on Saturn (assuming you could find someplace to, well, stand)? Saturn is one of five planets able to be seen with the naked eye. It is also the fifth brightest object in the solar system. The most common nickname for Saturn is “The Ringed Planet”, a nickname arising from the large, beautiful and extensive ring system that encircles the planet. These rings are mostly made from chunks of ice. They stretch out more than 12,700 km from the planet but are only a mere 20 meters thick. Saturn gives off more energy than it receives from the Sun. This unusual quality is believed to be generated from the gravitational compression of the planet combined with the friction from large amount of helium found within its atmosphere.

Saturn has the fastest winds of any other planet in our solar system. These winds have been measured at approximately 1,800 km per hour (1,100 miles per hour). Saturn is the least dense planet in the solar system. It is made mostly of hydrogen and has a density which is less than water – which technically means that Saturn would float. The layers of hydrogen get denser further into the planet, eventually becoming metallic and leading to a hot interior core. Saturn has 150 moons and smaller moonlets. All of these moons are frozen – the largest of which are Titan and Rhea.

Saturn is the flattest of all the planets. This is because of the planet’s low density and fast rotation speed – it takes Saturn 10 hours and 34 minutes to turn on its axis. Saturn has oval shaped storms which are similar to those of Jupiter. The interior of Saturn is very hot, reaching temperatures of up to 11,700°C (21,000 °F).

Sun, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. As you can see the distance from the Sun to Saturn is 1,429 billion kilometers (888.2 million miles). Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and second largest planet of the Solar System in terms of diameter and mass. If compared, it is easy to see why Saturn and Jupiter have been designated as relatives. From atmospheric composition to rotation, these two planets are extremely similar. Because of these factors, Saturn was named after the father of the god Jupiter in Roman mythology.
The size of planet/mass of Saturn is 568,319,000,000,000,000 billion kg (95.16 x Earth)
The surface gravity on Saturn is about 107% of the surface gravity on Earth, so if you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 107 pounds on Saturn (assuming you could find someplace to, well, stand).
The distance to Saturn from our planet is constantly changing as both of the planets travel through space. When the two are closest, they lie approximately 746 million miles (1.2 billion kilometers) apart, or eight times the distance between the Earth and the sun.
One year on Saturn is equivalent to 29 Earth years
It takes Saturn 10 hours and 14 minutes for one rotation and Earth is 24 hours for one rotation.


Created with images by Royalty-free image collection - "saturn_rings" • Lunar and Planetary Institute - "Relative Sizes of the Planets" • CW8647 - "In Saturn's Shadow" • WikiImages - "saturn planet earth"

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