Hong Kong and China have one of the most complex political relationships that have endured to the present day. This relationship was set into motion over 150 years ago when the British landed on Hong Kong Island. Although the island of Hong Kong was ceded in perpetuity after the opium war, the Kowloon Peninsula and the New Territories, which make up most of Hong Kong’s landmass, was leased from China for 99 years. The lease was due to expire in 1997. Under the Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984, Hong Kong would revert back to Chinese Rule in 1997. The “One Country, Two Party System” was established and Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region (SAR). Hong Kong would become part of the communist led China but retain its capitalist system and semi-democratic system for a period of 50 years after the handover. In 1990, Hong Kong’s Basic Law, which serves as Hong Kong’s Constitution, was ratified to ensure Hong Kong’s autonomy from China for a period of 50 years.
Hong Kong after The Umbrella Movement still sought for independence. During the 2016 Parliamentary Elections two pro-independence candidates were elected but were never managed to take their seats for failing to say the oaths. After this Hong Kongers felt that their autonomy is being eroded. After the past election year Beijing has been trying harder to crack down and any form of Hong Kong independence. In essence have shown that they are able to oversee who is actually elected as the Chief Executive for Hong Kong. With China having this power, Hong Kongers feel that the Chief Executive is a puppet for Beijing and want to seek a new resolution to where China does not have this power. (James Griffiths) http://www.cnn.com/2017/03/05/asia/china-hong-kong-independence-li-keqiang/
During the 2016 elections the two politicians were elected are pro-independence and when this happened they said something that the Chinese did not like. After, China made strides to crack down on any chance of candidates that are pro-independence supporters. Also China began to overstep the basic law that Hong Kong feels is being threatened, due to the rights that they have because of the autonomy they obtained and so keep searching for ways to obtain independence. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/08/world/asia/china-hong-kong-sixtus-leung-yau-wai-ching.html?_r=0
Throughout this process Hong Kong really desires independence from China. Hong Kong has tried to make strides to obtaining this goal to be able to have full universal suffrage and full autonomy but in many cases China combats against this. China sees that they are ruling for the common good. This notion for the common good is not present in the umbrella movement because of all the brutality that is shown from the police that China controlled. Once the year 2047, Hong will be able to pursue independence in a greater instance due to the Basic Law being expired and so allowing for Hong Kong to pursue independence. Until this day comes Hong Kong keeps pursuing independence and will continue to do so for the greater good for Hong Kongers.
Griffiths, James. "China: HK Independence Call Will Lead Nowhere." CNN. Cable News Network, 05 Mar. 2017. Web. 06 Apr. 2017. <http://www.cnn.com/2017/03/05/asia/china-hong-kong-independence-li-keqiang/>.
Forsythe, Michael. "Hong Kong Elected 2 Separatists. China Took Drastic Action." The New York Times. The New York Times, 06 Nov. 2016. Web. 27 Apr. 2017. <https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/08/world/asia/china-hong-kong-sixtus-leung-yau-wai-ching.html>.
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