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Rat, Mouse, Vole & Shrew Skeletons By The Nature Collection for British Wildlife

Cover photo shows a Field vole skull next to a common daisy, for scale. The skull is 2.3cm long x 1.3cm wide.

Introduction to Rats, Mice, Voles and Shrews

From top left: Black rat, two Field voles, Field mouse and House mouse

These small, hairy, brown creatures may all look the same, at first glance. Often they are viewed as pests rather than examples of our diverse, local wildlife. In fact, if you look closely, they are very different with small or large eyes and ears, fur in shades of brown or grey, different length tails and a range of habitats and diets. Inside, their tiny skeletons are different, too; a miracle to see as they are so similar to other mammal skeletons, but on a minute scale.

Mice, voles, rats and squirrels are all rodents, whereas shrews are classified as insectivores, along with hedgehogs and moles. For photos and much more information about all our British mammals, visit the 'Species Hub' on The Mammal Society website.

Field voles are rarely seen, yet they are our most common wild mammal. Mice have larger ears and eyes than voles and their tail is almost as long as their body. Field mice, also known as Wood mice, are sometimes called 'Long-tailed field mice. Rats are significantly larger.

Shrews are tiny with a long, pointed snout. The hair is much more grey than brown. Pygmy shrews have a tail which is almost as long as the body but for Common shrews, the tail is proportionally shorter. Search on Google images to see photos of Common and Pygmy shrews as I have no pictures, only of dead ones! They are too fast!

The photos were all taken at The British Wildlife Centre, a fabulous place to visit and see all kinds of rare British animals!

Animal Measurements

  • Brown rat: Body length 21cm, plus tail 17cm. Weight 250g
  • Black rat: Body length 18.5cm, plus tail 19cm. Weight 200g
  • Field/Wood mouse: Body length 9.2cm, plus tail 8cm. Weight 20g
  • House mouse: Body length 8.5cm, plus tail 8cm. Weight 15g
  • Field vole: Body length 10cm, plus tail 3.5cm. Weight 30g
  • Bank vole: Body length 10cm, plus tail 5cm. Weight 25g
  • Water vole: Body length 18.5cm, plus tail 11.5cm. Weight 225g
  • Common shrew: Body length 6.4cm, plus tail 4.5cm. Weight 9.5g
  • Pygmy shrew: Body length 5cm, plus tail 4cm. Weight 4.3g

Note. Body length is from the tip of the snout to the start of the tail. The above measurements are averages. Size and weight vary considerably, especially between adults and young.

Bone Size

On these pages, we will look at the delicate bones of some of our most common small mammals.

The bones of these tiny creatures are amongst my favourite items in the Collection. Some, like the ribs and teeth are so small, they can only be picked up with fine tweezers. Photos generally have to be taken through a stereo microscope lens as it is too difficult to focus on them, with a normal macro lens.

Many of these bones and skeletons, were from dead animals which I found or, which were donated to the Collection. Others were picked out of the chunky, black pellets, coughed up by Barn owls. Owls swallow the small animals whole and several hours later, cough up the bones and fur which they cannot digest, in the form of pellets. Inside the pellets of Barn owls, are these perfectly preserved bones of mice, voles, shrews and sometimes a rat or mole.

A Barn owl pellet. This one, found on the Isle of Wight, contains the fore leg bones and front claws of a Mole!

It is incredible to think, when you look at the size of these bones, that they were part of tiny, little, functioning skeletons, interwoven with joints and nerves and blood vessels. They are so similar in shape and function to the corresponding bones of other larger mammals, like humans and foxes, but on a minute scale. Do look at the measurements of the bones, given under the photos.

Vertebrate Skeletons

Main photo shows pelvic bones from a Field vole inside a pea pod, to show their size. They are 1.9cm long x 0.9cm wide.

Vertebrates are animals with a backbone: mammals, birds, fish, amphibians and reptiles. Invertebrates are animals like insects, spiders, worms, crabs and woodlice, which do not have a spine; most have a tough exoskeleton, instead.

Almost all vertebrates have a similar structure to their skeleton.

  • A long, flexible spine, supporting the skull
  • Ribs forming a cage around the heart and lungs
  • Four limbs which come off the spine, connected by the shoulder blades and pelvis.

The mammal skeleton can be divided into two sections: the 'axial skeleton' and the 'appendicular skeleton'. The axial skeleton is the central core: the skull, spine and ribcage; all the bones in the body's long axis. The appendicular skeleton is the bones which 'append' to the axial skeleton: the front and back legs, the shoulder blade and pelvic girdle.

Very Small Mammal Skeletons

The skeletons will be examined, in the following order.

Click below, to go directly to a section.

In this presentation, I will focus on different parts of the skeleton. Search on Google for images of the whole skeletons. Try here, to see a squirrel skeleton, an example of a rodent. Try here, to see a chimpanzee skeleton, another mammal, much more like a human.

The main photo shows two Field vole ribs, about 1cm long and less than 0.1cm wide.

Skulls

Mammal skulls are all very different shapes. Over millions of years, the shape has adapted to reflect the lifestyle and diet of each animal species. Some animals have large eye sockets and others have very small ones; some have huge jaws and sharp teeth for killing their prey and others have jaws which are ideal just for chewing up grass.

The skull is formed of several pieces of bone which fuse together as the animal grows. This makes it easier for the mother to give birth.

Field vole skulls in a pea pod. See the wavy lines on the skull, where the fragments of bones have fused together during the vole's life.

Voles and shrews have skulls which are paper-thin, incredibly fragile and full of holes. It is very rare to find a complete shrew skull inside owl pellets.

Underside of a Field vole skull, showing the holes in the bone, which reduce weight
Underside of a Common shrew skull, found in a Barn owl pellet. It is 1.9cm long x 0.9cm wide. The skulls and bones in the pellets are tightly packed with the hair of the small mammals, which the owls also, cannot digest.

The skulls of mice and rats are very similar. The rat skull is almost twice as big as the mouse.

Brown rat, skull, 4.5cm long x 1.3cm high
Field mouse, skull, 2.4cm long x 0.8cm high

The skull of a Grey squirrel, another rodent, is similar, even higher than the rat skull; it has much larger, more-rounded eye sockets.

Grey squirrel skull, 6cm long x 2cm high

Eye Sockets

Prey animals like mice and voles, need to keep watch all the time. Their eye sockets face out to the side, so they can see what is happening on either side and behind them. Mice, rats and voles have large beady eyes.

Harvest mice also, have large eyes which look out to the sides, as well as forwards and up.

Despite their tiny size, shrews are fierce predators. They have small eyes, which face forwards. They find most of their prey by sense, using their long whiskers to feel along the tunnels in the undergrowth and to search in the soil for earthworms and centipedes.

Spinal Cord

The brain is enclosed at the back of the skull.

Field vole, brain case at the back of the skull, which is 2.3cm long x 1.3cm wide

Nose

The bones of the skull do not extend over the whole length of the nose. There is just cartilage, at the end.

All these animals have long snouts to sniff out danger and food. Shrews have a long pointed snout. Noses on voles are blunter than on mice.

Ear Holes

Animals which rely on a strong sense of hearing, such as mice, have upright ears.

Three cosy House mice at The British Wildlife Centre!

See the round hole, low down at the back of the mouse's skull, in the photo below. This leads to the middle ear cavity.

Field mouse, skull. See the ear holes low down, near the back

Two bulbous shaped bones underneath the skull, at the back, contain the middle ear and inner ear bones.

Field vole, underside of the skull. See the two oval 'ball' shapes, near the back. These contain the middle and inner ear.

Jaw Bones

Main photo shows the jaw bones of a Brown rat, 2cm long x 2cm wide.

Mammals have a pair of jaw bones, which attach below the ears, to the back of the skull. They contain the lower teeth. The animal's chewing muscles attach to the large, flat area at the back of the jaw bones.

Jaw bones are relatively solid and are often well preserved inside owl pellets. Sometimes the teeth are still in place but often they have fallen out.

Tiny Pygmy shrew jaw bone, 1cm long, with a common daisy, for scale
Field vole, jaw bone, 1.7cm long x 0.3cm wide
Brown rat, Jaw bone, 2cm long x 0.2cm wide. No teeth remain.

A mouse's jaw bone is shorter and the gap between the front teeth and molars, is smaller.

Field mouse, jaw bone, 1cm long, with daisy petals

Teeth

Main photo shows the red-tipped incisors projecting from the skull of a Common shrew!

Diet

Animals have different types of teeth, depending on their diet.

  • Field voles are herbivores eating grass roots, plant shoots, fruit and fungi.
  • Wood mice are omnivores with a more varied diet eating seeds, grains, nuts and buds, as well as feeding on dead animals, caterpillars, worms, centipedes and snails.
  • Rats too, are omnivores eating just about anything: cereals, nuts, food scraps, birds' eggs, nestlings, lizards, smaller mammals, insects, fish and amphibians.
  • Shrews are insectivores, eating mainly insects and spiders, but also earthworms, slugs and snails.
Field vole living in a dry stone wall in North Wales, tucking into fruit!
Water vole, another herbivore, nibbling grass. See the tiny front feet!

Rodent Teeth

All rodents, which include rats, mice, voles and squirrels, have a huge pair of upper and lower incisors at the front of the mouth, which they use to nibble and gnaw at roots, tree bark and nuts.

Field vole, skull. Large, upper incisors at the front, projecting out from the skull for 0.5cm. Note how far they extend inside the skull.

There is a tough, orange layer of enamel on the front of their incisors and a softer layer behind. This creates a sharp, cutting edge as the back of the teeth wear away more slowly than the front. The incisors keep growing throughout the animal's life.

Rodents have sets of small molars further back in the mouth, for chewing and grinding up their food.

Field vole, underside of skull, showing one pair of incisors and three pairs of cheek teeth, or molars. The molar section is 0.6cm long x 0.4cm wide.
Field mouse, molars further back in the mouth. There should be three molars. One has fallen out!
Black rat, eating a chip!

Rodents have a large gap between the front and back teeth. This is called the 'diastema'. They suck in their cheeks while they are gnawing to close off the back of their mouth. This prevents them choking on nut shells or chunks of tree bark, before it has been chewed.

Field mouse, skull showing cheek teeth, diastema (gap) and incisors

Insectivore Teeth

Shrews are insectivores and have a very different arrangement of teeth. Their teeth have a red layer on the tips: this indicates the presence of iron, for added strength to crunch up the insect exoskeletons. They have long incisors and jagged molars, with spikes pointing up into the mouth. Their teeth do not keep growing throughout their life.

Common shrew, jaw bone with red-tipped teeth
Common shrew, underside of front section of skull, 1cm long, showing red-tipped teeth

Moles are also insectivores. They have similar teeth to shrews teeth, without the red tips. The Common shrew skull is 1.9cm long whereas the Mole skull is almost twice the size, at 3.5cm. The extra weight and size, where larger jaw muscles can attach, eliminate the need for the Mole's teeth to be reinforced with iron.

Mole skull, 3.5cm long, with jaw bones

Tooth Root Holes

When analysing the bones in owl pellets, scientists look closely at the jaw bones and skulls, to identify which small mammals' bones are in the pellets. Often the molars fall out and only the root holes left by the 'cheek teeth', remain. These are diagnostic.

Field vole, underside of skull: root holes are narrow, parallel lines from three large molars on each side
Bank vole, underside of skull: six round root holes on each side
Field mouse, underside of skull: eleven round root holes on each side
Brown rat, spine

Spine

Animals with a backbone, or 'spine', are called 'vertebrates'. All mammals, birds, fish, amphibians and reptiles have a spine. The spine is a series of small bones, called 'vertebrae', which link up to form a column in the centre of the animal's body. The spine connects at the top to the skull and extends to the tip of the tail. It is quite rigid, with some flexibility, in mammals, at the waist and in the tail.

In mammals, the shape of the vertebrae varies, depending on where they are in the spine. The different vertebrae are neck (cervical), chest (thoracic), lower back (lumbar), hip (sacral or pelvic) and tail (caudal).

Muscles attach along the length of the spine, which help the animal to move. The shoulder blades and pelvic girdle attach the limbs to the spine.

Field mouse, tunnel or 'neural canal' where the spinal cord lies, inside the thoracic vertebrae, 0.4cm wide

The spinal cord runs along a tunnel, formed inside the small vertebrae. Nerves branch out from the spinal cord, through gaps between the bones.

Neck/Cervical Vertebrae

The first two vertebrae in the spine are called the 'atlas' and 'axis'. They have special features which enable the animal to nod and twist its head. The atlas, a ring-shaped bone, lies above the axis: it allows the head to nod. The axis has a ball shape on which the head swivels. This ball slots into a socket, on the atlas.

In mammals there are five more neck bones, or 'cervical vertebrae' below the axis, making a total of seven cervical vertebrae.

Neck vertebrae from top left, clockwise: Field mouse, Common shrew, Field vole and Brown rat. The ring-shaped atlas is only present for the Field mouse and Field vole, in these photos.

Chest/Thoracic Vertebrae

The thoracic vertebrae each connect to a pair of ribs. In many mammals, such as rats and stoats, the thoracic vertebrae project out away from the ribs. These bony projections form a ridge along the animal's back; the back muscles attach to these additional surfaces.

These mammals have thirteen thoracic vertebrae.

Chest vertebrae from Field mouse, Brown rat and Stoat. Projections on the last two.

Lower Back/Lumbar Vertebrae

Below the thoracic vertebrae, are the lower back or 'lumbar vertebrae'. These support the lower back and connect the upper body to the pelvis. There is often more flexibility in this region, so the animal can bend at the waist.

These small mammals have six lumbar vertebrae.

Field vole, from left to right: tail vertebrae, hip vertebrae inside the pelvic girdle and lower back vertebrae. The pelvic section is 1.5cm long x 0.5cm wide.

Hip/Sacral Vertebrae

The hip or 'sacral vertebrae' form part of the pelvic girdle and may even be fused with the bones of the pelvis, for extra stability. In the photo above, the sacral vertebrae are fused together, inside the pelvic bones. There are four sacral vertebrae.

Tail/Caudal Vertebrae

The spine continues for the whole length of the body, to the tip of the tail. The tail or 'caudal' vertebrae can vary in number, for different mammal species. Rats and mice long, flexible tails. They generally have twenty-six to twenty-eight caudal vertebrae.

Tail vertebrae from a Common shrew, Field mouse and Brown rat

Rib Cages

Like all mammals, squirrels have a rib cage, which surrounds and protects the heart and lungs. Pairs of ribs attach to some of the cervical and thoracic vertebrae and project forwards to link up with the breastbone, forming a bell-shaped cage. The first ribs below the neck are the shortest; each pair of ribs is slightly larger than the ribs above.

Each true rib has two sections: the 'vertebral rib' which attaches to the vertebrae and the 'sternal rib' which attaches to the breastbone, or 'sternum'.

Field mouse. See where the sternal ribs, connected to the sternum, join the vertebral ribs.
Brown rat, vertebral ribs attached to the spine

Rodents have thirteen pairs of ribs in total; seven pairs attach to the breastbone. Below these, three pairs attach not to the breastbone, but to the ribs above. There are three pairs of floating ribs, which do not attach at the front.

Tails

Main photo shows tail bones of a Field mouse, with a tiny, connecting bone at each joint.

The small bones in the tail are an extension of the spine. Rats, voles and mice have twenty-six to twenty-eight tail bones, or 'caudal vertebrae'.

Long tails help animals to balance climbing trees, walls or fences or when standing up on their two back legs.

House mouse, using its tail for better balance.
Black rat at The British Wildlife Centre, standing on its back legs, to reach water! The long tail gives extra support.

The tail bones are different shapes, getting smaller and narrower towards the tip. The tail muscles attach to these vertebrae.

Brown rat, tail bones, in the middle of the tail
At the tip, the rat's tail vertebrae are tiny.

In shrews and mice, in the middle of the tail, where the vertebrae join, there is an extra, little bone for added strength and stability.

Common shrew, tail bones, lateral view. Each bone is 0.2cm long x 0.05cm wide
Common shrew, bow-shaped bones from above, which help strengthen the joints

Shoulder Blades

Main photo shows the shoulder blade of a Field vole, against a common daisy.

A shoulder blade, or 'scapula', attaches each of the front legs to the spine. It joins onto the top bone in the leg, the 'humerus', with a ball and socket joint. This type of joint gives the forelegs a wide range of movement; they can rotate forwards, backwards, out to the side and inwards, in front of the body.

The muscles for moving the front legs, spread over the wide surface of the shoulder blade.

Brown rat, shoulder blade attached to the humerus.

Rats, mice and voles have a typical mammal shoulder blade, or 'scapula': a flat, triangular -shaped bone with a narrow ridge projecting upwards. The shrew's shoulder blade is slightly narrower.

The shoulder blades of mice, voles and shrews are incredibly thin, almost transparent.

Field mouse, shoulder blades connected to the humerus and the cervical vertebrae
Field vole, shoulder blade, found in a Barn owl pellet. 1cm long x 0.5cm wide.

Fore Legs & Feet

Main photo shows a Harvest mouse on a Teasel.

House mouse, holding a seed in its front claws.

All these mammals run and leap around on all four legs. They use all their legs to climb trees and fences and clamber around in the branches. Sometimes they pause and stand on their two back legs, to check out what is happening.

They also use their front legs for collecting and manipulating food and nest material, burying food, digging, scratching and preening.

Field vole, using its front feet to hold its food, balancing on its back legs.

The bones in the front legs follow the same pattern as for all mammals: a long bone, the 'humerus', connected by a hinge joint to two thinner bones, the 'radius' and 'ulna'.

Field vole, two tiny humerus bones in a pea pod! 1.2cm long x 0.3cm wide.
Field vole, radius and ulna, 1.4cm long x 0.1cm wide
Brown rat, radius and ulna

The joints in the knees, fingers and toes are also hinge joints. These allow the legs, fingers and toes to bend and straighten.

Shrews have five toes on their front feet, whereas rats, mice and voles have four. They all have five toes on the longer, back feet.

Tiny claws help them grip onto the plants and trees as they clamber around. They also use their claws to dig up worms and insects and hold their food.

Field mouse, inside the front foot, toes and claws/ The whole foot is tiny, just 0.7cm long x 0.2cm wide.
Common shrew, front foot from above, 0.7cm long x 0.2cm wide

Pelvis

Main photo shows the pelvis of a Field vole, still attached to the spine.

The hip bones, or 'pelvis', transmit the push from the hind legs to the rest of the body. The back legs drive the body forward.

The pelvis lies horizontally along the spine and the legs extend at right angles to this central column. Muscles which move the legs and knees, attach onto the surface of the pelvis.

The hind legs connect to the hips with a ball and socket joint. The ball shape projection on top of the thigh bone, or 'femur,' fits into the cup-shaped socket in the pelvis. This type of joint enables the hind legs to move backwards and forwards and swivel in underneath the body and out to the side.

Field vole, ball on the femur, 1.2cm long, attaches to the cup socket on the pelvis
Pygmy shrew, tiny pelvic bone less than 1cm long, with daisy petals

It is possible to differentiate between males and females by looking at the shape of the pelvic bones. Females have a thinner line on the outer edge of the triangle: from left to right in the photo below, perhaps numbers 2, 6 and 7 were from female voles. The pelvic bones are thinner because females have to give birth. Imagine how tiny the young are, which pass between these two bones!

Field vole, pelvic bones in a pea pod, 1.5cm long x 1cm wide.

The two bones of the pelvis link together, around the 'sacral vertebrae', which are fused into one, in some animals.

Common shrew, pelvis around the fused sacral vertebrae. Total pelvic girdle is 1cm long x 0.4cm wide.
Brown rat, sacral vertebrae not fused, inside the pelvic girdle. Pelvic bones are 4cm long.

Hind Legs & Feet

Main photo shows the tiny, transparent hind-foot bones of a Field vole, from underneath.

The hind legs of these small mammals are usually slightly longer than the front legs. They push off from their large back feet and hind legs.

The thigh bone, or 'femur' is one of the strongest bones in the body, as it has to support the animal's weight.

Brown rat, femur, 3.4cm long, connecting to the tibia and fibula, at the knee
Field vole, femur bones, 1.3cm long x 0.2cm wide, beside a pea.

Below the femur, are the two narrower bones, the 'tibia' and 'fibula'.

The tibia is the weight-bearing shin bone. The fibula is thinner and does not support the body. It anchors the muscles for the ankle and foot.

Field vole, fused fibula and tibia, 2cm long x 0.4cm wide

The fibula is fused with the tibia to form a bone which looks like the clasp of a brooch. The Latin word for brooch is 'fibula'. In voles and shrews, the bones are fused half way down the tibia.

Field mouse, knee joint

Where the femur joins the fibula and tibia, is the knee joint. This is a hinge joint, which allows the bones to move only in one direction.

Common shrew, 'nonchalant' hind feet and tail bones. Feet are 1.3cm long x 0.3cm wide.

Animals which walk with the whole foot touching the ground like humans, are described as being 'plantigrade'. Often it is heavy, slow-moving animals which walk this way but shrews, mice, rats and voles are also, all plantigrade.

Field mouse, heel and ankle joint

All these animals have large back feet and smaller front feet. They push off with the back feet when they leap up into the undergrowth or trees.

Field mouse, hind foot, lateral view, 1.9cm long x 0.3cm wide

These feet are all tiny and incredibly fragile, with the toe bones just a few millimetres long.

Field vole, hind foot, 1.5cm long x 0.3cm wide
Field mouse, hind foot, dorsal view, 1.9cm long x 0.3cm wide
Field mouse, transparent claws, 2mm long

The Collector, Photographer & Author

I am Susanna Ramsey and I have a unique collection of natural history objects relating to British Wildlife. Over the last ten years, I have assembled an extensive range of skulls, skeletons, bones, skins, feathers, wings, antlers, insect specimens and taxidermy, all from animals in the UK.

During 2010-2018, I took my Nature Collection into local primary schools to display and run workshops for the children, linking the exhibition to science topics in the National Curriculum such as Adaptations, Bones & Body Structure, Classification, Food Webs, Habitats, Life Cycles and Local Wildlife.

In 2018-2020, I worked with the leading schools' catalogue, TTS ,to create a range of Educational Resources for primary schools, nurseries, after school clubs and families. There are Look & Learn Cards for British Birds, Mammals and Minibeasts, a Food Webs Activity Pack, Classification Packs for Natural History & British Wildlife, Animal Discovery Bags for exciting wildlife trails, Playground Signboards and Identification Wheels. To find out more scroll down or click here.

In the school workshops, children and teachers were always fascinated to see what is inside the animals, which we see everyday in the garden and local park. On these web pages, I want to continue to share my enthusiasm for the skeletons of our local wildlife.

So much still to discover!

The photo above shows some of the 40 photo cards in the Classification: Natural History Pack. (See below.)

Exhibits and Thanks

Almost all of the animals in my collection were either found by myself, Susanna Ramsey, or donated by friends and family to The Nature Collection, as an educational resource. Huge thanks for all the tiny, carefully-wrapped bundles of feathers and bones, to Steve & Sam Read, John Lock, Chris Matcham, Franko Maroevic, Tim Howard, Jan Wilczur, Simon Richards, Peter Veniard, Paula Redmond, Phil Davis, Bob & Sally Black, Jo & Frank Sheppard and Katie Ramsey. Many of these people are naturalists and experts in their field; I am indebted to them too, for all that they have taught me about our local wildlife.

Over the years, I have been lucky enough to be a regular visitor to the Angela Marmont Centre for UK Biodiversity at the Natural History Museum, London. The unimaginably-vast collection of British insect specimens, stored in row upon row, of metal, floor-to-ceiling cabinets has been a massive inspiration to me. There is something infinitely satisfying about the way every species has its own box, within a drawer, within a cabinet and that each can be found within minutes, by the care and expertise of the staff. To witness the incredible number of UK species of moth, beetle, butterfly, fly, grasshopper etc, is simply mind blowing and I feel so privileged to be able to visit and photograph some of the specimens!

I have used the photo stacking equipment at the Angela Marmont Centre to take highly-detailed photos of some of the specimens to put into slideshows for my primary school workshops. When I was young, I always wanted to be an archaeologist and it was my ambition to work in a museum; to sit in the Centre, using the equipment and handling the specimens, listening to the chatter of the experts at work, has been a dream come true. I am so grateful to the staff at the Centre for their encouragement and for always making me feel so welcome.

Thanks also to Tonja Grung, of Made from the Dead Taxidermy, for sharing her incredible knowledge, patience and skill. I will never forget our amazing sessions on animal taxidermy.

The delicate skeletons were cleaned to perfection by a colony of flesh-eating, dermestid beetles, skilfully managed by Edward de Geer.

Sources of Information/ Further Reading:

BRITISH WILDLIFE PRODUCTS

If you know children who are interested in nature, are a teacher, or would like to learn more about British Wildlife yourself, explore the range of British Wildlife products recently created by The Nature Collection and the leading schools' catalogue, TTS.

The Classification: Natural History pack features 40 small photos of animal skeletons, skulls, feathers, insect specimens and much more, all from The Nature Collection!

The products are perfect for use in primary schools, nurseries, after school clubs, forest schools or at home with friends and family. Click on the links below to find out more about each product.

Look & Learn Cards: British Birds, Mammals, Minibeasts

Food Webs Activity Pack

Classification: British Wildlife & Natural History

Identification Wheels: British Birds, Mammals & Minibeasts

Discovery Bags: British Birds, Mammals, Minibeasts

Playground Signboards: Birds, Mammals, Minibeasts

From top left: Hedgehog set in the Mammal Discovery Bags, Look & Learn & Food Web & Classification Packs and samples of the Mammal Look & Learn cards.
Created By
Susanna Ramsey
Appreciate

Credits:

Susanna Ramsey