Genetic Disorder Down syndrome by sam marrapodi

Down syndrome

The frequency of Down syndrome depends of the age in which a person has there baby. The older a person gets the higher chance and more likely they are to conceive a child that has Down syndrome. A child that has a baby between the ages of 15 and 20 have a 1/1250 chance, between 20 and 25 have a 1/1400 chance, between 25 and 30 have a 1/1100 chance, and if you have your baby at 45 or older you have a 1/25 chance of having a child with Down syndrome. These facts prove that having a baby when you get older increases the chances of having your baby with the disorder

The disorder isn't more common in a particular community but it has been proven that the older women are having more children with Down syndrome compared to young mums who are being conceived.

Some of the symptoms show on a person with Down syndrome can vary. The more common symptoms are things like learning disabilities, delayed development, difficulty thinking and understanding. People with this disorder also face physical symptoms like the issue of obesity, having a poor muscle tone and usually born with a small neck that has an extra amount of skin on the back of the neck.

http://www.doctortipster.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/Down-syndrome1.jpg

Genetics

Down syndrome is not an inherited disorder which means your family don't give it to you it's just a random occurrence. Down syndrome is caused by trisomy 21 which is also what Down syndrome can be known by. The disorder is usually a random event which mainly occurs in the females reproductive cell but can occur in the male cell known as sperm.

Down syndrome is a chromomal disorder in the chromosome 21 this causes down syndrome

https://scicarlyrae.wordpress.com/2011/02/25/pedigree-of-down-syndrome/

Treatment

Testing for Down syndrome can be done in different ways. It can be done by scree testing or through different diagnostic tests. Screen testing can help to identify the likelihood of a mum that is carrying a baby which has Down syndrome but they can't identify whether the baby has Down syndrome. Diagnostic tests are test that will indentify if your baby has Down syndrome or not.

The life for people with Down syndrome is getting better and better over time and has increased a lot since 1929 where people with Down syndrome lived until they were roughly 9 years old. It is now likely that a person with Down syndrome will live to the age of 50 and beyond. They live a better life and most of the time they get married eventually have children of there own.

There are many types of way a person with Down syndrome can be treated. Down syndrome can be cured but it can be helped. Self care is an option for people with this disorder, they can do physical exercise to help with there obesity and to help there muscles get stronger. Another self care is through special education, this can help there difficulty to learn and understand things

Bibliography

References

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[photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/283444.php

[Pedigree Chart]. Retrieved from https://scicarlyrae.wordpress.com/2011/02/25/pedigree-of-down-syndrome/

[photograph]. Retrieved from https://www.123rf.com/photo_17902954_portrait-of-young-pilot-with-down-syndrome-saluting-in-hangar.html

[photograph]. Retrieved from https://www.emaze.com/@AOIZTCZR/STEM-and-Special-Education

[diagram]. Retrieved from http://www.doctortipster.com/3349-down-syndrome-mongolism-or-trisomy-21.html

Down syndrome - Genetics Home Reference. (2017, April 14). Retrieved April 5, 2017, from https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/down-syndrome

Down syndrome Tests and diagnosis - Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Retrieved April 5, 2017, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/down-syndrome/basics/tests-diagnosis/con-20020948

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National institute of Child Health and Human Development. (n.d.). What are common symptoms of Down syndrome? Retrieved April 5, 2017, from https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/down/conditioninfo/Pages/symptoms.aspx

Frequency of Down syndrome per maternal age. (n.d.). Retrieved April 5, 2017, from http://www.ds-health.com/risk.htm

In Narins, B. (2016). The Gale encyclopedia of nursing and allied health (3rd ed., pp. 1117-1122).

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