Volcanoes Science (S3)- stage 1 By elli

Alfred Wegener: Wegener thought all the continents were once joined together in an "Urkontinent" before breaking up and drifting to their current positions. But geologists soundly denounced Wegener's theory of continental drift after he published the details in a 1915 book called "The Origin of Continents and Oceans." Part of the opposition was because Wegener didn't have a good model to explain how the continents moved apart.

Subduction zones occur all around the edge of the Pacific Ocean, offshore of Washington, Canada, Alaska, Russia, Japan and Indonesia. Called the "Ring of Fire," these subduction zones are responsible for the world's biggest earthquakes, the most terrible tsunamis and some of the worst volcanic eruptions.

Location: Seafloor spreading occurs along mid-ocean ridges which are large mountain ranges rising from the ocean floor. The Mid-Atlantic Ridge, for instance, separates the North American plate from the Eurasian plate, and the South American plate from the African plate.

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