Chapter 14 project By ryan semle

The Pacific Railway Acts-Uner these acts in 1862 and 1864, the government gave large land grants to the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads. The 1862 act granted every alternate section of public land to the amount of five sections per mile on each side of the railroad.
Morrill Land-Grant Act of !862- Gave governments millions of acres of the western lands, which states could then sell to raise money for the creation of "land grant" colleges specializing in agriculture and mechanical arts.

Homestead Act- Under the act, for a small fee, settlers could have 160 acres of land-a quarter square mile- if they met certain conditions: they were at least 21 years old or the heads of families.

Land Speculators(1800s)- Person who buys up large areas of land in hopes of selling them later for a profit
Wars Between the US Army and the Great Plains Indians

Causes- Settlers' views of land and resource use contrasted sharply with Native American traditions. Many settlers felt justified in taking Indian land because, in their view, they would make it more productive. To Native Americans, settlers were simply invaders. Increasing intrusions, especially into sacred lands, angered chiefs who had welcomed the newcomers.

Here are the three most famous Great Plains Indians Wars in the 1800s: The Sand Creek Massacre of 1864, The Battle of Little Bighorn of 1876, and The Battle of Wounded Knee
The Dawes Act-This act divided reservation land into individual plots and dismantled the Native American concept of shared land in favor of the principle of private property highly valued by Americans. Each Native American family headed by a man received a plot of land, usually 160 acres. These landholders were granted US citizenship and were subject to local, state, and federal laws.
Boomers and Sooners- Boomers and Sooners were terms tro describe two kinds of people that claimed land during the Land Rush of 1889. Boomers were settlers who ran in land races to claim land upon the 1889 opening of Indian territory for settlements. Sooners were people who illegally claiming land by sneaking past government officials.
Homesteaders- People who farmed their claims under the Homestead Act.

Hardships endured by Homesteaders in the West- 1.)had to build their own houses out of sod, or out of the side of an embarkment; 2.)bugs such as grasshoppers, locusts, and boll weevils threatened crops;3.)Mosquitos and flies were dangerous toward animals and humans;4.)rattlesnakes hung from the roofs of soddies;5.)having enough money to maintain the soddies or dugouts;6.)falling crop prices

Populism- support for the ordinary concerns of the people

A.)Money Supply and Deflation

Money Supply- the amount of money inn the national economy. If there government were to increase the money supply, the value of every dollar made is decreased. This decrease is called Inflation.
Deflation- Deflation is the exact opposite of inflation. Deflation is the drop in prices for goods. If the government were to decrease the money supply in the economy, the value of each dollar would increase

B.)Bimetallic Standard and Free Silver

Bimetallic Standard- Currency of the United States which consisted of gold or silver coins, as well as US treasury notes that could be traded in for gold or silver
Free Silver- the unlimited coining of silver dollars to increase the money supply. .

Free silver is different from Bimetallic Standard because Free Silver focuses on only the production of silver dollars, whereas Bimetallic Standard focuses on all silver and gold coins

C.)Bland-Allison Act

Bland-Allison Act- This act required the federal government to purchase more coin and silver, increasing the money supply and causing inflation. This'd act was vetoed by president Rutherford B Hayes, but was overridden .

D.)Sherman Silver Purchase Act

Sherman Silver Purchase Act- Increased the amount of silver the government was required to purchase every month.

E.)The Grange

The Grange- Also known as the Patrons of Husbandry, helped farmers form cooperatives and pressured state legislators to regulate businesses on which farming depended.

F.)Farmers' Alliances

Farmers' Alliances- Called for actions that many of their nation's farmers could support: federal regulation of the the railroads, more money in circulation, creation of state departments of agriculture, antitrust laws, and farm credit.

G.)Interstate Commerce Act

Interstate Commerce Act- regulated the prices that railroad charged to move freight between states, requiring the rates to be set in proportion to the desátame traveled.
The Populist Party's beliefs- 1)An increased circulation of money; 2)the unlimited minting of silver; 3)a progressive income tax, in which he percentage of taxes owed increases with a rise in income;4)Government ownership of communications and transportation systems
William Jennings Brian and his Cross of Gold speech- William Jennings Brian was a former silverite congressman from Nebraska, and a powerful speaker. His Cross of Gold speech is considered to be the most famous speech in American history

Cross of Gold Speech- Composed by William Jennings Brian at his 1896 address at the Democratic Convention. This speech addressed all of the issues regarding the minting of gold and silver coins. After he finished his speech, everyone in the room cheered at what he said. All of the Democrats, and even the Republicans in the room, nominated Brian for president.

Websites used:

1.)http://chnm.gmu.edu/tah-loudoun/blog/lessons/what-brought-settlers-to-the-midwest/

2.)http://www.texasescapes.com/Cartoons/20090126-Jan-26-1839-Homestead-Act.htm

3.)https://oldprintgallery.wordpress.com/tag/united-states/

4.)http://members.kos.net/sdgagnon/cpa.html

5.)http://web.iastate.edu/about/cartoon/landgrant.php

6.)http://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-1800s-1870s-railroad-building-on-great-plains-of-america-northern-59026129.html

7.)https://www.pinterest.com/pin/147141112799353769/

8.)https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Land_Rush_of_1889

9.)http://www.legendsofamerica.com/ah-homestead.html

10.)https://www.hightowerlowdown.org/node/3543

11.)https://www.tes.com/lessons/D_CmJ8PXfgos0g/inflation

12.)http://www.themoneyenigma.com/what-causes-deflation-is-deflation-likely-to-occur/

13.)http://www.firstpost.com/world/euro-crisis-can-be-fixed-with-a-two-currency-system-122233.html

14.)http://www.ebay.com/itm/WAGON-FILLED-WITH-FREE-SILVER-SUPPORTERS-ROLLING-DOWN-HILL-DEMOCRATIC-DONKEY-/361075226068

15.)http://www.coinlink.com/News/tag/jim-fehr/

16.)https://www.granger.com/results.asp?search=1&screenwidth=1600&tnresize=200&pixperpage=40&searchtxtkeys=sherman%20silver%20act&lastsearchtxtkeys=Sherman%20Silver%20Act&lstorients=132

17.)http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/w/Patrons_of_Husbandry

18.)https://www.emaze.com/@AORFLIOC/Interstate-Commerce-Act

19.)http://www.webfinitydesign.com/gallery/index.php/designs/Designs/populist_party-copy

20.)http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/documents/1876-1900/william-jennings-bryan-cross-of-gold-speech-july-8-1896.php

Created By
Ryan Semle
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