Sir Francis Bacon (Northern Renaissance Writer)-
Sir Francis Bacon was acknowledged with the invention of the Essay and possibly the autobiography. Born in 1561, he was the first critic to find the principal goal of science. He believed in pursuing the truth and not judge whatever the truth is. As an essay creator, his work started appearing in 1625 where he talked about the systematic classification of sciences. Some of his famous works include, “Advancement of Learning” and “Novum Organum”.
"Northern Renaissance Writers." Northern Renaissance Writers and Philosophers: Rabelais, Bacon, Montaigne, More. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Jan. 2017.
Donatello (Italian Renaissance Artist)-
Donatello di Niccolo di Betto Bardi, born circa 1386 was a very popular sculptor in the Italian Renaissance Era. Most of his work focused on sculptures of Catholic Saints and parts of Catholic occurrences. During his early years he formed partnerships with other talented figures such as Lorenzo Ghiberti and Michelozzo. Together they journeyed to Rome to construct the tomb of Pope John XXIII. In between 1443 and 1453 Donatello worked to complete one of his best-known and most admired works, known as the Gattamelata. The Gattamelata was an equestrian statue created in the image of Venetian condottiere Erasmo da Nami. Along with his other works such as the statue of St. John the Evangelist, Mary Magdalen, and many other sculptures, Donatello was for sure one of the most outgoing artists in the Italian Renaissance Area.
"Donatello." Artble. N.p., 15 Sept. 2015. Web. 25 Jan. 2017.
Bernard van Orley (Northern Renaissance Artist)-
Orley started art at a very young age, and as the son of the painter Valentin van Orley he entered the employ of Margaret of Austria in 1515. Three years later he was appointed court painter.German painter Albrecht Dürer made a portrait of him in 1521. Orley’s earliest important work, became popular in 1512, it was the altarpiece The Apostles Thomas and Matthew. From 1516 to 1522 he was inspired by the style of the Flemish painter Jan Gossart. Pursuing his skill as an Artist, he was influenced by Raphael, whose tapestry cartoons were in Brussels for many years (Orley’s hometown); Of Orley’s portraits, that of Georg Zelle is the only surviving one that is signed and dated (1519). Tapestries designed by Orley include the series Hunts of Maximilian and The Battle of Pavia.
The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Bernard van Orley." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, inc., 26 May 2016. Web. 25 Jan. 2017.
Johann Gutenberg (Northern Renaissance)
In 1454, Johann Gutenberg had the idea for molding moveable printing press. This new process made made it possible to produce books quickly books and cheaply.
Gutenberg’s invention laid the foundation for the commercial mass production of books, and the adaptations and success of the printers and publishers. Soon, more people were able to participate in important political, cultural, and theological debates, which led to dramatic changes in society, such as the Reformation. Within 25 years of the printing of Gutenberg's Bible, printing workshops were established throughout Europe, including those in Paris, London, Spain, Poland, and the Netherlands.
Gutenberg Bible, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Francesco Guicciardini (Italian Renaissance writer)
In 1537 Francesco Guicciardini, adviser and confidant to three popes, governor of several central Italian states, ambassador, administrator, military captain--and persona non grata with the ruling Medici after the siege of Florence--retired to his villa to write a history of his times. His Storia d'Italia became the classic history of Italy--both a brilliant portrayal of the Renaissance and a penetrating vision into the tragedy and comedy of human history in general. Sidney Alexander's readable translation and abridgment of Guicciardini's four-volume work earned the prestigious 1970 P.E.N. Club translation award. His perceptive introduction and notes add much to the understanding of Guicciardini's masterpiece.
Francesco Guicciardini (Italian: 6 March 1483 – 22 May 1540) was an Italian historian and statesman. A friend and critic of Niccolò Machiavelli, he is considered one of the major political writers of the Italian Renaissance. In his masterpiece, The History of Italy, Guicciardini paved the way for a new style in historiography with his use of government sources to support arguments and the realistic analysis of the people and events of his time.