SOCA1030 Week 12: Buddhism and Exam Prep Scroll to view below

In Max Weber’s typology – Buddhism is a world-denying religion (except in the West!). Modern Buddhism has similar structures to the monotheistic religions – ecclesiastical and lay communities, sacred texts. Not based on theism, no pantheon of gods: a non-theistic religion.
Historical founder of Buddhism, lived in northern India in 6th Century BCE Rejected trappings of a wealthy life at age 29 and began his life of wandering and meditation, possibly in response to the hierarchical nature and prosperity of Brahmin life. Similar to other religious prophets and founders: charismatic, magical elements of life story, established religious community, wrote spiritual truths. In Weber’s typology of religious leaders, Siddhartha is an ‘exemplary prophet’, one who leads by example.
Beliefs and Practices: Dharama: the following of a spiritual path and all the teachings of the Buddha. Sangha – the community of Buddhist practioners. Samsara- cycle of birth and re-birth and this as the cause of suffering.
Four Noble Truths: 1. All life is permeated by suffering and pain (dukkha) 2. The cause of suffering is desire (craving, wanting) which leads to a cycle of death and rebirth (samsara) 3. The cycle can be broken by the cessation of desire and the cultivation of non-attachment – this is the ideal aim of the Buddhist 4. The path that leads to the cessation of suffering is the Noble Eightfold Path: right views; right attitudes; right speech; right conduct; right livelihood, right effort; right mindfulness and right contemplation.
Three main schools - 1. Therevada, 2. Mahayana, 3. Vajrayana
Don't forget to eat!! See the link below for advice on eating during the exam period - it can lead to burn out so do not neglect yourself!
Give yourself enough time to study
Plan your exam day: Make sure you get everything ready well in advance of the exam - don't leave it to the day before to suddenly realize you don't know the way, or what you're supposed to bring. Check all the rules and requirements, and plan your route and journey time. If possible, do a test run of the trip; if not, write down clear directions. Work out how long it will take to get there - then add on some extra time. You really don't want to arrive having had to run halfway or feeling frazzled from losing your way.


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