Judaism "If you don't know what you're living for, you haven't yet lived.” – Rabbi Noah Weinberg

Origin

Judaism began as early as the 8th century BCE as the religion of the small nation of the Hebrews. Through thousands of years of suffering, persecution, dispersion, and occasional victory, has continued to be a profoundly influential religion and culture.

Major beliefs

The central religious belief of Judaism is that there is only one God. Monotheism was uncommon at the time Judaism was born, but according to Jewish tradition, God himself revealed it to Abraham, the ancestor of the Jewish people. Judaism teaches that God took special care of the Hebrews (who would later become the Jews). After rescuing them from slavery in Egypt, God revealed the Ten Commandments to Moses, and many more religious and ethical guidelines in the Torah ("the Law"). Many of the guidelines (mitzvah) emphasized ritual purity and the importance of remaining set apart from the surrounding polytheistic cultures.

The Torah (upper left) is the Judaism Holy Book. The Synagogue (upper right) is their place of worship. And the Rabbi (bottom) is the Jewish religious leader.

Sections of the religion

Some sects of Judaism include Orthodox Jews, Reform Jews and Conservative Jews. Orthodox Jews are the most conservative group they follow all traditional rituals and practices. Reform Jews believe that the laws are just a guideline and they don't have to follow them exactly. Conservative Jews fall in between Orthodox and Reform. They believe gods laws change over time.

Hanukkah

Holidays

Jews of all movements celebrate many special days throughout the year and throughout each person's life. Major Jewish holidays include Passover, Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur. Hanukkah, historically a minor holiday, has become more prominent in the last century for Jews who live in areas that celebrate Christmas. The Sabbath, a day of rest and worship at the synagogue, is observed each Saturday. In Judaism, all days begin at sunset, so all holidays begin at sundown and end at sundown.

Credits

  • Jake Roames
  • Alec Adriatico

Credits:

Created with images by judithscharnowski - "jerusalem israel middle east" • hurk - "synagogue brighton church" • Emmanuel Dyan - "Synagogue of Sibiu - Romania"

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