An important part of the history of France. Is the French Revolution. Here are a few causes of the French Revolution.
1 The clergy had a few privileges: The church had a large piece of land compared to the part that they belonged to the population. The church did not have to pay taxes but was allowed to levy taxes.
2 The privileges of the nobility: They had a large piece of land and had were a small part of the population. They almost did not have to pay taxes. They got the most important functions in the church, the government and the army.
3 The complains of the farmers: The farmers had many obligations to the nobility. And they had not much land.
4 Complaints of the urban population: They had no important functions. They had to do hard work and have low wages. They had to pay more taxes. They had no freedom of speech.
5 The country was badly governed: The king made wrong decisions. There was an almost empty coffers. Functions could be purchased from the king.
6 The influence of the enlightenment by ideas of freedom of equality.
The course of the French Revolution.
The king summoned the representatives of all classes to talk about the empty coffers. The third class went then hold a private meeting because they wanted to discuss other important matters. It was decided that there should be a constitutions. The third class received support from lower clergy and some nobles. Eventually the king agreed, there came a constitution. In 1798 the poor Parisians stormed the Bastille, because they were afraid of the soldiers on the outskirts of Paris.The king decided after the fall of the Bastille to send away the soldiers. Many nobles then fled the country. The farmers revolt. They went plundering the estates of the nobility and gentry.To put an end to the uprising the National Assembly decided that the nobility had to give up their privileges. The king wanted this decision not approve at first, but was forced to move. Then he accepted it. The National Assembly came in 1789 with a declaration of the rights of man and citizen. And the constitution was further developed. France was at war with other countries, and the king was murdered. A group of nobles and high clergy found that the Revolution had gone too far. A small group, the radicals wanted more reforms. They were supported by the less wealthy citizens. The radicals conquer the majority in the National Assembly. Radicals begin terror. Radicals organize government and army in France better. And foreign enemies are defeated. The end of the Terror. The radicals found that the Terror was necessary to save France and the ideas of the Revolution. But during the Terror many people were simply accused of something. Many people also some radicals got among guillotine. Then not only moderates but also many radicals found that there should be an end to the terror and it did.