What I Learned About the Revolution Allyson Bailiff

Mercantilism

Mercantilism was rested on the belief that wealth has power. In order to become wealthy, a country needed to export more than it imported. Some laws were saying American merchants had to ship their products exclusively to Britain so their products would land there first and British middlemen got profits from it. The British policies were conflicting a currency shortage on the colonies. The Colonists were paying a lower tax rate, so the British Parliament thought it was an excellent idea to raise colonial taxes, infuriating the colonists, which would end up in open rebellion.

The Stamp Tax Uproar

Once the Seven Year's War was over, Britain was still a very large empire, but they also had the biggest debt. In 1765, the Quartering Act required the colonies to provide food and quarters for British Troops. Upon that, also in 1765, The Stamp Tax was imposed. The Stamp tax was to support the military force. Stamps were then required on bills of sale for about 50 trade items. People in England actually paid a higher stamp tax. The Americans were getting angry. Because of the new law, their pocketbooks were starting to look empty. With the Quartering Act, some were voting to only supply a small fraction of the supplies that were being requested.

The Olive Branch Petition

The Olive Branch Petition was also a major factor leading up to the American Revolution. The Colonists wanted the King to read their grievances, but he denied it before even opening the letter. The Colonists sent it, yet again, for a second time, and the King denied it once again before even setting a finger on the letter. This struck the Colonists extremely hard, especially those who wanted to keep peace with the British. The King just infuriated the Colonists even more from his actions.

The Boston Tea Party

The Boston Tea Party was key-event to the Revolution. On December 16th, 1773, about 100 Bostonian's, disguised as Indians, boarded ships full of tea. They smashed roughly 340 boxes of tea and dumped them into the harbor. The Britain government was very upset. This all happened because the governor, Hutchinson, wouldn't call the ships back to Britain. Then, a bunch of men disguised as Indians, stormed out towards the bay and threatened to throw all the tea out.

Grievances

Grievances were a major part leading up to the Revolution. They are even what caused the Olive Branch Petition to be made. Grievances from the Colonists to the King were one of the more major conflicts within this war. The King would not open, nor sign the Colonists petition of their grievances. The King was getting angry with all the Colonists grievances, and finally just blew up about it, which made the Colonists mad, therefore causing more conflict.

The Siege of Boston

Tension was rising and rising between American colonists and the British authorities. The British were trying to raise revenue by taxing the colonists. Boston was the American headquarters of the British army in 1775. Troops occupied most of the city and the navy blockaded the port. Washington had directed a siege on the British in Boston. The British departed March 17th, 1776. The Boston Siege kicked off would be called The American Revolution. The Boston Siege was only half of what kicked off the American Revolution. The Battle of Lexington and Concord would be the other half.

The Battle of Lexington & Concord

At Lexington and Concord, 900 British soldiers were sent to seize American military supplies. The Militia got word of this. and prepared to fight. When the British rolled in, they were fired upon. The Battle of Lexington and Concord is the second half of what kicked off the American Revolution. When the British burned Concord, the fire got slightly out of control, so they headed for Boston. When they headed back, the Colonists were ready and they fired upon them. The British started abandoning clothing, weapons, and equipment to retreat faster. The Colonists had officially won the battle of Lexington and Concord.

The Battle of Bunker Hill

The battle of Bunker Hill gave a huge advantage to the British. The battle before Bunker Hill occurred at Concord, Massachusetts. In fact, Americans won that battle. The British were very upset, but they decided to focus on the next battle. The British advanced 10,000 militiamen on Boston. The British, however, had an advantage. The Americans were about to face a two-on-one battle, and loosing. Being inexperienced, this convinced the Americans that patriotic dedication could overcome superior British military might. They soon realized they should put more effort into these battles, because it might have a great outcome. With that thought, it just encouraged, and infuriated them more.

Britain is in More Debt

After the war, Britain was in enormous debt. Britain had spent so much money, eventually they had to raise taxes. Because of their extreme debt, Britain had created a nearly 10 million pound yearly interest. Britain had to put many things in place to pay back their debt of this war. Britain could not make any money from trade, as their ships were taken in naval attacks. Along side this, thousands of merchant ships were stolen as well.

America Became Independent

On July 4th, 1776, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, America adopted the Declaration of Independence from Great Britain and its king. July 4th is now marked as America's Independence day and we celebrate it annually. A total of 56 people signed the Declaration of Independence. By the time everyone had officially signed the Declaration of Independence, it was November 4th, 1776.

Credits:

Created with images by JeepersMedia - "American Flag" • Patrick Hoesly - "Capitalism - Artwork" • hannibal1107 - "Germany Stamps" • League of Women Voters of California - "petition"

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