Vitamins and Minerals Tishelle Peterson

Vitamins

Water Soluble: A vitamin that can dissolve in water is water soluble

Vitamin B. Function: Helps the body make new cells. Food source: Kale and Lettuce. Deficiency: Spina Bifida

Vitamin C. Function: Protects the body against infection. Food source: Broccoli, Strawberries, etc. Deficiency: Scurvy

Fat Soluble: Vitamins that dissolve in fat are fat soluble

Vitamin K. Function: Helps body clot normally. Food source: Spinach, Collard Greens, etc. Deficiency: Bleeding and bruising.

Vitamin A. Function: Promotes good vision, hair, and skin. Food sources: Red, Orange, and Dark Green Vegetables. Deficiency: Night Blindness

Vitamin D. Function: Builds and maintains bones and teeth. Food sources: Milk/Dairy products and Sunlight. Deficiency: Rickets (Bowed legs)

Vitamin E. Function: Protects the membranes of white and red blood cells. Food source: Vegetable oil, fruits, and vegetables. Deficiency: Poor nerve connection and neurological problems.

Minerals

Calcium. Function: Strengthens bones and teeth. Food source: Mill/Dairy products, whole grains, dark green leafy vegetables. Deficiency: Osteoporosis

Iron. Function: Helps make red blood cells, helps our muscles store and use oxygen. Food sources: Animal products, meat, dark green leafy vegetables. Deficiency: Anemia

Sodium and Potassium. Function: Maintains fluid balance in the body. Food source: salt, fruits, and vegetables. Deficiency: Muscles cramp, irregular heart beat, siezures

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