The Greenhouse Effect Nicole Wiendra - Period 8

How certain parts of every continent in the world contribute to the rising of the Greenhouse Effect.

The greenhouse effect is a good thing, if it's kept stable. But it is now becoming a very serious problem, as the amount of greenhouse gases rise in the atmosphere, and it's all our fault.

Greenhouse Effect diagram

How does the Greenhouse Effect occur?

More importantly, what is the Greenhouse Effect? Well, when greenhouse gases such as CO2 and O3 are released into the Troposphere, they get trapped at the edge and cannot go any farther through the atmosphere. This acts as an insulation for our planet. Well, now you're probably thinking, isn't insulation a good thing? So why isn't the Greenhouse Effect a good thing? Well, insulation is good, but the greenhouse gases are warm gases that, if too much is together, can be very, very warm, almost like a greenhouse. The greenhouse effect isn't the greenhouse gases forming an insulation, its the warming of the Trposhphere BECAUSE of the insulation. The greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are CO2, H2O, methane, O3, nitrous oxides (NO and NO2), and chlorofluorocarbons (CFC's).

Greenhouse Effect diagram

The Different Greenhouse Gases

Greenhouse Gases

Did you know that...

  • ...1 methane molecule can trap 23 times as much heat as a carbon dioxide molecule?
  • ...1 CFC-12 (a type of chlorofluorocarbon) molecule can trap 10,600 time as much heat as a carbon dioxide molecule?
  • ...carbon dioxide is a very important and abundant greenhouse gas in the atmosphere?
  • ...the Greenhouse Gas CFC is a very recent gas?
On the right is a CFC molecule composed of 1 carbon atom, 3 chlorine atoms and 1 fluorine atom. On the top left is a methane molecule composed of 1 carbon atom and 4 hydrogen atoms. On the bottom left is a carbon dioxide molecule composed of 1 carbon atom and 2 oxygen atoms. Notice that all of these molecules have only 1 carbon atom.

How are the Greenhouse Gases emitted into the atmosphere?

The 7 major ways Greenhouse Gases are being emitted into our atmosphere.

Greenhouse Gases are emitted into the atmosphere by...

  1. Electric Production
  2. Industry
  3. Forestry
  4. Agriculture
  5. Transportation
  6. Residential and Commercial Buildings
  7. Waste and Wastewater

How is the Greenhouse Effect GOOD?

The Greenhouse Effect is good in many ways. Here are a few:

  • The Greenhouse Effect makes our life on Earth possible.
  • Albedo (defines the percentage of solar energy reflected back by a surface) has an influence on the Earth's temperature.
How Albedo works.
  • The atmosphere's insulation delays the transfer of heat form Earth into space.
  • If there were no insulation and no Greenhouse Effect, it would be freezing cold.
The white people represent the bad things about the Grenhouse Effect and the green person represents the good things. The bad things outweigh the good things, but there are both good and bad things.

What are some dangers of the Greenhouse Effect?

The weather being altered is a danger.

There are many, many dangers if the Greenhouse Effect is out of control.

Here are a few:

  • Global Warming will be affected A LOT
  • Because of this the Polar Ice Caps will begin to melt, faster and faster
  • Becuase of this our Weather will be Altered
  • Because of this Agriculture will never be the same and constantly changed.
How the Greenhouse effect worsened.

How can we help the Greenhouse Effect get better and less awful?

To help make the Greenhouse Effect become less awful, we must have a plan, a safety plan that we should follow.

A EASY safety plan to follow!

A CFL bulb.
  • Replace lights with CFL bulbs.
  • Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle.
  • Save water and fix any water leaks.
  • Use public transportation, carpooling, biking, or telecommuting to get to places.
  • Use less air conditioning and heating.
  • Drive less and smart ~ walk and/or bike instead.
  • Use the "OFF" switch.
  • Plant a tree.
  • Use less hot water.
  • Use natural light ~ if and when possible.
  • Keep windows closed when air conditioning or heating is being used, use natural ventilation when possible.
  • Unplug anything plugged in when it isn't being used.
  • Follow and if you can add climate regulations.
  • Reduce consumption of products with excess packaging.
  • Tell people about the Greenhouse Effect and learn more.

What do we need to battle the Greenhouse Effect?

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What is the HISTORY of the Greenhouse Effect?

When, Why and How was the Greenhouse Effect discovered?

The Greenhouse Effect started during the Industrial Revolution, when we started to produce new products and release the Greenhouse Gases into the atmosphere, exsessively. The term "Greenhouse Effect" was first used in the early 1800's, 50-ish years after the Industrial Revolution began, but no one took care and everyone just pet dong what they were doing. At first the term "Greenhouse Effect" was used to describe the naturally occurring functions of trace gases in the atmosphere and it n=didn't have any negative significance. It wasn't until the mid-1950's, over 200 years after the Industrial Revolution began, and 150 years after the term was first used, that the term was coupled with the concern over climate change. Any negative concerns then were related to the possible impacts of an enhanced Greenhouse Effect. In 2011, Australia established a carbon tax to see if they could lessen their effect on the Greenhouse Effect. And it worked, but then in 2014 they repealed the tax, for no apparent reason. Becuase the Greenhouse Effect was brought forward and named, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Chnage was founded by the United Nations Envirnmental Programme.

This image shows how much CO2 the Industrial Revolution released into the air with the new factories.

What's happening to the Snows of Kilimanjaro?

...great, high, and unbelievabaly white in the sun, was the square top of kilimanjaro.

That quote is from the book The Snows of Kilimanjaro written by Ernest Hemingway in . Bu the top of Mount Kilimanjaro is no longer covered in glaciers. Over the past couple decades. the snows at the mountains peak have declined, and the ice has shrunk. It has been predicted that in 2020, there will be no trace of snow or ice on the top of Kilimanjaro. This harms everyone and everything who lives near this mountain becuase they depend on the rainfalls and the runoff from the top of the mountain. Without it, they will need to find another source of water.

This is Mount Kilimanjaro in the past

and...

This is Mount Kilimanjaro now.

Can you see the difference?

Where in the USA does the Greenhouse Effect mostly harm and is at its worst?

In the picture above, you can clearly see that from 1990-2006, the red areas have gotten larger, and some of the colors, have gotten smaller and moved up. This is because the Greenhouse Effect is making it very hard to grow crops, becuase the weather is always changing. This is one of the 'side effects' or danger of the Greenhouse Effect, the weather being altered.

What are some ways scientists and meteorologists can predict the Greenhouse Effect and monitor its changes?

Graphs

Scientists and meteorologists use graphs like the one above to monitor the changes in the greenhouse gas 'insulation'. They can use them to also predict, over long periods of time, what's going to happen in a few years. Here some more example of graphs that are used.

Radar

Radar pictures can monitor the changes and the fluctiuations in the atmosphere very well. It can take pictures of certain areas and show us what is is good and bad. We can then figure out how to fix the bad stuff. We can also predict the future of countries who aren't doing as well as we hoped or thought. Here are more examples of radar pictures.

My very own weather symbol for the Greenhouse Effect!

Credits:

Created with images by wolfsavard - "greenhouse" • Peggy_Marco - "thumb high thumbs up" • WalterPro4755 - "DSC_7615_pp" • dlg_images - "First Aid Kit" • steinchen - "error play stone letters", CK12 and Google images.

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