Hollywood Ten Ella Grace Connery

What was the Hollywood Ten? The Hollywood Ten was a group of 10 directors, playwrights, screenwriters, and authors that were accused of being a part of the Communist Party. Although many of them were not, some were members and/or believers of the Communist's way of thinking and style of government. There were 40 people at the trial in October, 1947, but the Hollywood 10 are the most recognized because they doubted the legitimacy of the Judge's claims. They said that the judge investigating their personal lives is an invasion of privacy and breaks the First Amendment, which is "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."

The Hollywood Ten

Spies and Espionage- My project relates to the topic "spies and espionage" because the Hollywood Ten were accuse of being Communist Spies, even if it was unjust and they had no evidence to prove it. People were so scared of the Russians and Communists that they were becoming paranoid. Then Americans started accusing everyone of being a Russian spy, even if they had absolutely no right to question them.

The Men Involved- The Hollywood Ten consisted of Alvah Bessie, Herbert Biberman, Lester Cole, Edward Dymtryk, Ring Lardner Jr., John Howard Lawson, Albert Maltz, Samuel Ornitz, Robert Adrian Scott, and Dalton Trumbo. During the trials, everyone was asked “Are you now or have you ever been a member of the Communist Party?”.

Fun Fact- There is a short documentary titled "The Hollywood Ten". It featured the accused men and they each gave short speeches about the controversial topic of Hollywood Blacklisting. The director of the film, John Berry, was blacklisted and couldn't find work in America after the movie was released.

Alvah Bessie (1984-1985)

Alvah Bessie- Alvah Bessie was an author and screenwriter. When put on trial, he said "I will never aid or abet such a committee in its patent attempt to foster the sort of intimidation and terror that is the inevitable precursor of a fascist regime." She served one year of prison in Texarkana, Texas.

Herbert Biberman (1900-1971)

Herbert Biberman- Herbert Biberman was a play director. He served the shortest sentence of six months at the same prison as Alvah Bessie (Texarkana, Texas).

Lester Cole (1904-1985)

Lester Cole- Lester Cole was a stage director and playwright. He served a year at Danbury, Connecticut.

Edward Dmytryk (1908-1999)

Edward Dmytryk- Edward Dmytryk was a projectionist, film editor, and director. He actually was in the communist party for a year. He named 26 other party members including Robert Adrian Scott. He served four and a half months in Mill Point, Virginia.

Ring Larder Jr. (1915-2000)

Ring Lardner Jr. - Ring Lardner Jr. was mainly a playwright. He was, in fact, in the Communist Party and attended meetings four nights a week in Hollywood. He was put into prison at Danbury, Connecticut.

John Howard Lawson (1894-1977)

John Howard Lawson- John Howard Lawson was a playwright and screenwriter. Was actually in the Communist Party. Served a 12 month sentence in Ashland, Kentucky.

Albert Maltz (1908- 1985)

Albert Maltz- Albert Maltz was a playwright. Like some of the other Hollywood 10, he really was in the Communist Party. He went to jail in Ashland, Ky, which held fellow blacklisted directors and writers, Adrian Scott and Dalton Trumbo.

Samuel Ornitz (1890- 1957)

Samuel Ornitz- Samuel Ornitz was a playwright and author. He served a 12 month sentence in Springfield, Vermont.

Robert Adrian Scott (1911- 1972)

Robert Adrian Scott- Adrian Scott was a magazine article writer, author, and screenwriter. He was actually in the communist party. Went to jail in Ashland, Kentucky.

Dalton Trumbo (1905- 1976)

Dalton Trumbo- Dalton Trumbo was a screenwriter. He served 11 months in Ashland, Kentucky.

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