Anne Frank Portfolio bY Sophie Ringer - period 3

Anne Frank Biography

Exploring Amsterdam

Rijksmuseum

The Rijksmuseum is a museum in Amsterdam dedicated to Dutch art and history. The museum is located in Museum Square and its collection contains around a million objects! It has been around for more than two hundred years and is known as one of the most breathtaking museums in the world.

This is an image of The Milkmaid, by Johaan Vermeer. This painting is in the Rijksmuseum.
This is an image of the inside of the Rijksmusuem.

The Anne Frank House

The Anne Frank House is a historical museum dedicated to Anne Frank. During WW II Anne and her Jewish family hid from the Nazis in the back of this building, which happened to be her father's business. This secluded area in which they hid in the house was known as the Secret Annex.

This is the front view of the building on which Anne and her family lived.
This sign which in English reads Anne Frank House is posted on the front of the museum today.

Nuremburg Law

1. Marriage between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood are forbidden. Marriages nevertheless concluded are invalid, even if concluded abroad to circumvent the law. Annulment proceedings can be initiated only by the State Prosecutor.

2. Extramarital intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood is forbidden.

3. Jews may not employ in their household female subjects of the state of German o related blood who are under 45 years old.

4. Jews are forbidden to fly the Reich or National flag or to display the Reich colors. They are, on the other hand, permitted to display the Jewish colors. The exercise of this right is protected by the State.

5. Any person who violates the prohibition under I will be punished by a prison sentence with hard labor. A male who violates the prohibition under I will be punished with a prison sentence with or without hard labor. Any person violating the provisions under III or IV will be punished with a prison sentence of up to one year and a fine, or with one or the other of these penalties. The Reich Minister of the Interior, in coordination with the Deputy of the Führer and the Reich Minister of Justice, will issue the Legal and Administrative regulations required to implement and complete the Law. The Law takes effect on the day following promulgations except for III, which goes into force on January 1, 1936. Nuremberg, September 15, 1935 at the Reich Party Congress of Freedom.

After doing research, I have concluded that the Nuremburg Laws are the first step in the Nazis/Hitler's plan to create an all German blood line. These laws limit the Jews' personal freedoms and take away their rights. They take away the right of Jews' to marry whomever they want. And most of all, they don't even allow Jews' to represent themselves as Germans. These laws are similar to the Jim Crow Laws which were laws founded in America that limited the freedoms of African Americans.

Propaganda

Propaganda is misleading information that is widely spread. It is often produced by governments but can also be produced by businesses as well. By using propaganda, governments often try to influence people to support their own cause. The information is often biased and can even demonize or degrade a certain group or race. For example, during World War II, Hitler and the Nazis in Germany produced propaganda putting down the Jewish people. The Jewish people were described as "foreign enemies" and that the Nazis would be the ones to "protect" them from these people. This propaganda created lots of tension and violence toward the Jews. However, propaganda did not just happen in Germany. It was used in countries such as Japan, Britain, and even the United States! Propaganda can create massive amounts of hate and prejudice and can persuade people to do the wrong things. For these reasons, propaganda can even be referred to as a weapon.

Characters

Anne Frank

Anne Frank was born on June 12, 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany. On July 6th, her and her family went into hiding in a large building (Secret Annex) in Amsterdam. Before going into hiding she was a lively vivacious preteen, but after spending years in hiding she really grew and matured as a person. She had a passion for reading and writing and documented her time spent in the Annex in a diary given to her by her father. In this diary she showed and told of all her feelings, that even the people closest to her never got to know prior to reading it. Sadly on August 4, 1944, Anne, her family, and the people hiding with them were arrested by the Nazis. In February of 1945 she passed away in the concentration camp, Bergen-Belsen from the Typhus disease.

Margot Frank

Margot Frank was born on February 16, 1926 in Frankfurt, Germany. She was intelligent, timid, and very organzied. Others around her state that she was a girl of few words and caused little trouble. After going into hiding, Margot also kept a diary. Her diary was never found. She had a passion for learning and studied Latin in the Annex. She wanted to pursue a future with a large career and would often talk with Anne about her future plans. Though they sometimes bickered, Margot and her sister Anne had a good relationship. Sadly after being deported to the concentration camp Bergen-Belsen, Margot passed away from typhus in February of 1945.

Otto Frank

Otto Frank was born on May 12, 1889 in Frankfurt Germany. The Franks ran a family bank which was headed by Otto's father, Michael. Otto and his family were liberal jews. In World War I, Otto fought for Germany in the army. He was married to Edith Frank and together they had two daughters named Margot and Anne. Otto was known by those around him to be logical, intelligent, calm, but most of all a leader. While in hiding, Mr Frank was always the man making important decisions and serving as a role model to his peers. Otto was the only member of his immediate family to survive the concentration camps/Holocaust. He returned to Amsterdam after the war had ended to hear the saddening news that he had lost his family. Although, he did find and end up publishing Anne's diary which gave him and the world a small piece of his daughter whom which he had lost. Otto passed away on August 19, 1980 in Basel, Switzerland.

Edith Frank

Edith was born in Aachen, Germany on January 16, 1900. Her and her family were members of the Jewish community and partook in many Jewish traditions. She married Otto Frank on May 12, 1925 and went to live with him in Frankfurt, Germany. They had two daughters named Margot & Anne. Even though her and Anne had their differences, Edith was described as an excellent mother who would do anything for her children. In hiding, Edith was often found depressed. She felt as if the end of this despair/war would never come and often confided in Miep. After being arrested and deported to a concentration camp by the Germans, Edith sadly dies. She died in the camp Auschwitz-Birkenau on January 6, 1945.

Act I Summary

In Act I of The Diary Of Anne Frank, the settings, characters, and plot are introduced. We meet the Frank family which consists of Otto and Edith and their two daughters Anne and Margot. Throughout the story, Anne keeps her thoughts and feelings in a diary, given to her by her father. We also meet the Van Daans, a family of four including their pet cat Mouschi. Lastly, we met Miep, Mr Kraler, and Mr Dussell. After Adolf Hitler began the mass extermination of the Jews during World War II, the Franks, Van Daans, and Mr Dussell were forced to go into hiding to avoid being taken by the Green Police (Nazis). These people found shelter in an upper loft hidden by a bookshelf. This was located in Mr Frank's business building in Amsterdam. Miep Gies and Mr. Kraler were the only outsiders who knew about this Secret Annex and took full care and responsibility for the people in hiding. The first to enter the Annex were the Franks & Van Daans, but after hearing from Mr Kraler that Mr Dussell also needed a place to hide, they agreed to have him join them, making eight people now living in the Annex. This decision was made with much debate along with many others made in the Annex. Anne was often found bickering with her mother over the littlest things, much like teenagers today. Mr and Mrs Van Daan also quarrelled often. The people tried their best to keep a positive attitude, but due to their situation this was very challenging and they often fell short. Although, the people also shared many good times together, such as their Hannukah celebration. The climax of Act I began when a robber was heard breaking into the building. The people in hiding feared they would be discovered and tried their best not to make a sound. But, when Peter Van Daan reached for a light and falls short a large crash is made, followed by the scurrying of the robber's feet below. The people quickly go into panic fearing that they had been disovered and the robber would surely turn them in. Mr. Frank tries to settle them down, but with no wayof knowing what would happen, all they could do was hope for the best and prepare themselves for what may come.

Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

When did the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising take place? The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising occured April 19, 1943 – May 16, 1943.

How many people died in the Warsaw Ghetto? 400,000 total people died in the Warsaw Ghetto.

How many German soldiers and Jewish fighters were killed in the uprising? 300 German soldiers and 7,000 Jewish soldiers were killed in the uprising.

As a result of the uprising, what did it do for Jewish morale in Poland? The uprising resulted in an increase in Jewish morale and raised the people's feelings of hope and faith.

Act II Summary

Act II begins at the New Year when Miep and Mr Kraler bring a cake for everyone to eat and celebrate with. All of the very hungry people in the Annex begin to bicker over the slices and Mr Van Daan begins to show his greed. Meanwhile, a man working in the building begins having suspici and Mr. Kraler believes he knows about the people in hiding. This worker begins asking for a raise and Mr. Frank decides it is best for their safety to pay him half of what he is asking for. Being a teenager in a very hard situation, Anne has yet another blow up and becomes angered at the grownups from whom she thinks are inconsiderate of her problems. She speaks up for herself and this strikes Peter's attention and impresses him. Both Anne and Peter begin to understand each other more and decide they will have frequent private discussions more often. One day, Anne gets all dressed up to go and see Peter. She learns that Margot is really longing for something to keep her motivated and is jealous that Anne has Peter to be her motivation. At the end of Peter and Anne's interesting conversation, Peter kisses Anne! During the night, it is discovered that someone has been stealing food, and at a time like this, with very small rations this is a major problem. This mystery thief is discovered to be Mr Van Daan and Mrs Frank immediately wants him thrown out of the Annex. This is a large moment for Mrs Frank because she is actually speaking up for herself. Mr Van Daan does end up staying in the Annex and the mood of the group changes drastically when they hear of the great news of D-Day and hopes of freedom among the group flow. Sadly, the hope and faith does not last and the Gestapo discovers the people and promptly transports them to concentration camps. Sadly, the only survivor coming out of World War II was Otto Frank. He returns to the building at the end of the Act to find that Miep had kept Anne's diary all this time. She gives it to him and he decides to leave Amsterdam, I believe to escape the memories of his losses.

Credits:

Created with images by heatheronhertravels - "Anne Frank Diary at Anne Frank Museum in Berlin" • ernohannink - "Anne Frank huis Amsterdam voorkant boven" • jarrodtrainque - "Anne Frank house"

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