Battle of Mogadishu By John Biggane Nick Veliotis and Adrian Flores

The Battle of Mogadishu occurred from October 3rd, 1993 to October 4th, 1993. It was only a one day battle but yet 18 US soldiers died, 73 were wounded, and an estimated 315 plus Somalians were killed in the battle while 830 were injured. The battle would change the worlds thoughts on US intervention in foreign countries and also changed the US' approach to foreign countries problem and how to intervene without loss of American life.

Events/Causes leading up to the Battle

The main events/causes that would eventually lead up to the battle were the ongoing Somalian Civila War and Muhammad Siad Barre's experiment with socialism.

Siad Barre

Barre's plan would backfire, causing him to be overthrown by warlords, who would then eventually fight each other for power. The warlords fighting other warlords for power would prove to be more destructive and chaotic in the already declining Somalia. Many human rights crimes were also happening, for example food was being kept from the civilians and many would starve to death. Much of the food was either destroyed or kept for the warlords.

Starving Somalian women standing near US troops, victim of the famine
Young child affected by the famine

War crimes were being handed down and human rights were also being violated. This prompted the United Nations to intervene. The UN dispersed troops to the country including US marines

US marines arriving in Somalia

The Battle

The United States main objective was to complete operation restore hope, which was to create a protective environment for the Somalian people at any measure. The United States wanted to restore and help the Somali people after the reign of terror from Mohamed Said Barre and his poor socialist leadership that plunged the country into lawlessness and clan warefare. On October 3rd, the mission was to capture two warlords, one of them being Mohammed Farrah Aidid, a ruthless warlord.

Mohammed Farrah Aidid

The mission was led by U.S. general William F. Garrison

William F. Garrison

More than 160 US Marines were deployed to Mogadishu. The troops traveled in nine humvees and three trucks, eight black hawk helicopters, eight little birds and three planes

These vehicles were deployed against an estimated 4,000 to 6,000 militia men and civilian fighters. When the troops arrived, the mission started off fine, receiving little to no gunfire but little did they know how unwelcome they were. The marines reached there target, the compound holding Mohammed Farrah and the otherĀ warlord, receiving little gunfire from the militia. However during the extraction, the marines faced heavy fire from militia. The militia were unloading rounds of ammunition on them and also RPG fire on them while trying to drive away (based off survivors words). Several marines were killed while many were wounded during the extraction. However the worst was yet to come. Two black hawk helicopters were shot down by RPG fire during the battle on October 3rd. The crew in the first black hawk helicopter to crash all died either on impact, wounds, or enemy fire. The crew on the second black hawk helicopter all perished except one person, pilot Mike Durant. Durant suffered a broken back and broken leg during the crash but was alive. Two small recon teams were sent to each crash site to reccover any men/survivors but both failed. 10+ men were killed in the two crashes combined along with the recon teams. The only survivor of course was pilot Mike Durant. Durant was held prisoner for 11 days after his capture until the militia finally handed him back over to the U.S.

Mike Durant on the cover of TIME

Future events pinfluenced by the Battle

Led to the US withdrawal from Somalia, then later the UN withdrew from the country also. Somalia is currently in a poor state of condition still. Some reports say there is a link connected to Al-Qaeda from Al-Shabab. Some question the future of US and foreign intervention and also find new ways to avoid putting US soldiers on the ground in danger. Terror groups recruited many new people as a result of the US withdrawal. The US now relies on air strikes and drone strikes to take care of business in order to avoid US loss of life.

Pop culture

In 2000, director Ridley Scott made the movie "Black Hawk Down". The movie was a success and received positive reviews. It was a adaptation of the entire event.

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