War crimes were being handed down and human rights were also being violated. This prompted the United Nations to intervene. The UN dispersed troops to the country including US marines
US marines arriving in Somalia
The United States main objective was to complete operation restore hope, which was to create a protective environment for the Somalian people at any measure. The United States wanted to restore and help the Somali people after the reign of terror from Mohamed Said Barre and his poor socialist leadership that plunged the country into lawlessness and clan warefare. On October 3rd, the mission was to capture two warlords, one of them being Mohammed Farrah Aidid, a ruthless warlord.
The mission was led by U.S. general William F. Garrison
More than 160 US Marines were deployed to Mogadishu. The troops traveled in nine humvees and three trucks, eight black hawk helicopters, eight little birds and three planes
These vehicles were deployed against an estimated 4,000 to 6,000 militia men and civilian fighters. When the troops arrived, the mission started off fine, receiving little to no gunfire but little did they know how unwelcome they were. The marines reached there target, the compound holding Mohammed Farrah and the other warlord, receiving little gunfire from the militia. However during the extraction, the marines faced heavy fire from militia. The militia were unloading rounds of ammunition on them and also RPG fire on them while trying to drive away (based off survivors words). Several marines were killed while many were wounded during the extraction. However the worst was yet to come. Two black hawk helicopters were shot down by RPG fire during the battle on October 3rd. The crew in the first black hawk helicopter to crash all died either on impact, wounds, or enemy fire. The crew on the second black hawk helicopter all perished except one person, pilot Mike Durant. Durant suffered a broken back and broken leg during the crash but was alive. Two small recon teams were sent to each crash site to reccover any men/survivors but both failed. 10+ men were killed in the two crashes combined along with the recon teams. The only survivor of course was pilot Mike Durant. Durant was held prisoner for 11 days after his capture until the militia finally handed him back over to the U.S.
Mike Durant on the cover of TIME
Future events pinfluenced by the Battle
Led to the US withdrawal from Somalia, then later the UN withdrew from the country also. Somalia is currently in a poor state of condition still. Some reports say there is a link connected to Al-Qaeda from Al-Shabab. Some question the future of US and foreign intervention and also find new ways to avoid putting US soldiers on the ground in danger. Terror groups recruited many new people as a result of the US withdrawal. The US now relies on air strikes and drone strikes to take care of business in order to avoid US loss of life.
In 2000, director Ridley Scott made the movie "Black Hawk Down". The movie was a success and received positive reviews. It was a adaptation of the entire event.