Rivalry in the northwest
- The Oregon country was a huge area located north of California, between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
- The United Sates based its claim Robert Grays's Discovery of the Columbia River in 1792 and the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
- The Adams-Onis Treaty settled all disputes from the United States of America and Spain.
- The treaty established the line of demarcation between the new republic and Spanish territorial claims.
Mountain man in oregon
- Fur traders had been the first American to take up the challenge of living in the Oregon Country.
- The British established trading posts in the region, as did merchant John Jacob Astor of New York.
- At first they only sold to Indian's. Then people gradually joined on.
what did america gain from the adams-onis treaty?
It made peace with spain and they owned louisiana so we did the louisiana PURCHASE.
oregon and MANIFEST destiny-marcus and narcissa whitman
- Economic troubles in the East and reports of Oregon's fertile land drew many people.
- Dr. Marcus Whitman and his wife, Narcissa were missionaries.
Along the oregon trail.
- in 1843 about a thousand emigrants made the journey. Tens of thousand more would follow in the years ahead.
- Travelers were inspired by dreams of gold and rich farmlands.
- But they were also motivated by difficult economic times in the west
America Seeks its manifest destiny
- Many believed that the nations mission was to spread freedom by settling the entire continent.
- In 1819 john Quincy Adams expressed what many Americans were thinking when he said expansion to the pacific was as certain as the Mississippi River flowing to the sea.
- O'Sullivan meant that the United States was clearly destined.
"FIFTY-four FORTY or fight"
- Many Americans wanted the United States to take over all of Oregon.
- In 1844 presidential election, James K. Polk, the Democratic nominee, supported this Desire.
- Polk's Whig Opponent
how did polk's VIEWS differ from clay's in the 1844 election?
he wanted more whigs
Statehood for florida and texas.
How did florida become a state
They TRANSFERRED florida to the united states of AMERICA on July 17,1821
- Tallahassee became the territorial captain in 1824.
- Not counting Native Americans, fewer than 8,000 people lived in the territory, including slaved people.
- Many planters from, Virginia, Georgia, and the Californias had worn out their soil with many years of heavy use. They left their old plantations for new land in Florida.
The territory grows
- In 1837 the census for the territory of Florida reported that 48,000 people lived there.
- Enslaved people made up about half of there population
Statehood for florida
- Florida became the 27th state in the United States of America.
What caused the population of Florida to grow?
Because of the farmland
- In 1821 Mexico won independence from Spain.
- At that time, the non native american of Texas was about 3,000.
- Most of the population was Tejanos, or Mexicans who claimed Texas as their home.
- The Texans had about 180 solders to take on Santa Ana's several thousand.
- On March 6th 1836 Mexican cannon fire smashed through the Alamo walls.
- They entered the fortress, killing any defenders
Texas Declares it's Independacne
- On March 2nd 1863 four days before the fall of the Alamo they declared there independence.
- They established the Republic of Texas.
The Lone Star Republic
- On September 1836, Texans elected Sam Houston as their president.
- Houston sent a delegation to Washington D.C., to ask the United States to Annex, or take control of, Texas
Texas Becomes a State
- Southerners favored Texans annexation, but northerners opposed admitting another slave state to the Union
- John Tyler who became president in 1841, supported Texas annexation
Why did it take so long for the united states to annex teaxas
Because no president like Texas except for John Tyler
War With Mexico
How did Santa Fe trail benefit from the New Mexico territory.
It made the trail bigger.
The New Mexico Territory
- In the early 1800s, the land called New mexico was a vast region between the Texas and California territories.
- It included all of the land that is now the states of New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, and Utah and parts of Colorado and Wyoming.
- Native Americans had lived in the area for thousands of years.
How did William Becknell influence the American settlement of New Mexico
He took the Santa Fe trail instead of the other trails.
California's Spanish Culture
- Spanish explorers and missionaries from Mexico settled California in the 1700s.
- Captain Gaspar de Portola and father Junipero Serra began a chain of missions that eventually extended from San Diego to Sonoma.
- President James K. Polk was determined to get the California and New Mexico territories from Mexico.
- After Mexico refused to sell the land, Polk planned to gain them through war.
- to justify a war, Polk hoped to get Mexico to strike first.
A War Plan
- Polk planned to defeat Mexico by accomplishing three goals.
- First, the United States would drive Mexican forces out of Texas.
- Even before war with Mexico officially began, American settlers in northern California had begun an uprising.
- They were encouraged by American general John C. Fremont.
- Defeated on February 2, 1848, Mexico's leaders signed a Treaty of Guadeloupe.
- Mexico gave the United States more than 500,000 of territory- what is now the states of California, Nevada, and Utah, as well as most of Arizona and New Mexico
What did America gain from the Mexican War?
It gained the state of Texas.
California and Utah
How did the discovery of gold help California?
It made the population sky rocket.
California Gold Rush
- When gold was discovers at Sutter's Mill in 1848, people all over the world traveled all over the world traveled to California in search of riches.
- Those who arrived 1849 were called forty-niners.
- The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war with Mexico and made Californios-Mexicans living in California-citizens of the United States
- The treaty also guaranteed them them the rights of their land.
The Life of a Forty-Niner
- As people rushed to a new area to look for gold, They built new communities.
- Towns and small cities appeared almost overnight.
Gold Rush Society
- Mining camps contained men of all backgrounds but few women.
Economic and Political Progress
- The gold rush lasting effect on California.
How did the California Gold Rush lead to the expansion of cities?
Because of the population increase.
A Religious Refuge in Utah
- While the gold rush was transforming in California, change was also taking place in nearby Utah.
The Mormons Move On
- The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was among a number of religious movements that sprang up during the religious awakening of the 1830s and 1840s.
- The founder of the Mormon church was Joseph Smith, a New Englander living in western New York.
- Smith Said that he had received visions that led him to build a new church.
A Haven in the Desert
- The Mormon migration began in 1846.
- About 12,000 Mormons made the trek in the largest single migration in American history.
- The Mormons' route became known as the Mormon Trail and served as a value route to the western United States.