The USAID Mission to Uganda

USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential.

USAID began its assistance to Uganda immediately after its independence in 1962, recognizing the country’s potential as a “bread basket” of Africa, with its rich natural resources, and significant rural population. Priorities have evolved over the past five decades, and we remain committed to improving Ugandans’ livelihoods.

Today, our wide-ranging work supports U.S. policy objectives in peace and security, democracy and governance, health and education, economic growth, and humanitarian assistance.


In Uganda, agriculture represents 85 percent of export earnings and almost 75 percent of national employment. Through Feed the Future, USAID focuses on three value chains—maize, coffee and beans—due to their market stability, nutritional benefits and income potential for farming households. We help to expand trade and make Ugandan products more competitive in national, regional and international markets.

USAID’s agriculture programs work to reduce food insecurity and increase household incomes.

Coffee is Uganda's most important export crop; maize contributes to greater food security; and beans improve nutrition.

Programs include researching and promoting biotechnology products to improve crops' productivity and disease resistance.

USAID focuses on creating trade linkages and making Ugandan products more competitive in national, regional and international markets.

USAID works with subsistence farmers to adopt more sustainable, profitable farming practices.

USAID trains farmers and dealers to develop their business skills and capacity to participate in national and regional trade.

USAID also works to increase farmers’ skills in improved production, post-harvest handling and storage technologies.


USAID is committed to supporting free and fair elections, strengthening national and local governments as well as civil society, encouraging open public debate and building the capacity of institutions and systems to combat corruption. Our programs help local governments carry out community initiatives by fostering participatory development planning and improving the operations of multiparty local councils.

USAID works to make the voices of marginalized people heard, especially women and youth, and shape the role of civil society in governance.

USAID aims to increase access to justice and promote resolution of land disputes and acceptance of ethnic and cultural diversity.

USAID works to strengthen the separation of powers, fight corruption and encourage more effective and participatory governance.

USAID also works with civil society to broaden citizen participation and strengthen grassroots organizations.

USAID has helped local governments assess their progress and identify development priorities in line with those at the national level.

USAID has been helping to create a space for all voices, including those of women, youth, and other minorities, to be heard.


Building Uganda's capability to mitigate the environmental impacts of oil exploration and production is a priority. Our ecotourism programs provide local communities opportunities to develop tourism businesses and services that will enhance communities’ connection to Uganda’s natural resources, which will reduce threats to biodiversity and protect the country’s diverse landscapes.

USAID is building the trade capacity of key agriculture and trade sector partners to increase their export competitiveness.

Uganda accounts for 72 percent of the East Africa region’s staple food commodity exports.

USAID continues to work closely with the Government of Uganda and other development partners to enhance private sector competitiveness.

USAID's Development Credit Authority promotes private sector investment by providing loan guarantee facilities.


USAID improves the quality of basic education and strengthens the teaching workforce with a particular focus on girls, the vulnerable and children in conflict-affected regions. We also support evidence-based curriculum reform and policy development, which are critical to the quality of education systems.

USAID is working to promote early grade reading and improve the literacy skills of 3.5 million children.

USAID programs aim to increase Ugandans’ literacy, ensure a safe and supportive school environment and increase health-seeking behaviors.

USAID activities strengthen the teaching workforce through improvements in training, retention, supervision and administration tools.

Programs support evidence-based curriculum reform and policy development, which are critical to the quality of education systems.

USAID engages local communities and empowers them to participate in the education of their children.

USAID's activities work to increase students’ success and retention in school and to promote healthy behaviors.

Our activities lay the foundation for the socioeconomic benefits that have been demonstrated to accrue from students’ education.


Working closely with our Ugandan partners and the private sector, USAID helps to reduce the potential threats of oil and illegal resource extraction to biodiversity conservation. As a result of our work, Uganda has realized improvements to its wetlands, watersheds, forests and national parks.

USAID builds the capacity of communities and Ugandan institutions to tackle conservation issues.

USAID aims to reduce threats to natural resources and biodiversity in ecologically sensitive areas in the country.

Uganda’s staggering biodiversity is one of the world’s great natural treasures.

Roughly half of all of Africa’s bird species, 140 species of reptiles and about 350 species of mammals are are found in Uganda.

Uganda’s biological richness offers tremendous potential for the country’s economic development.

Tourism contributes more than $1 billion dollars per year to the national economy, with even more potential left untapped.


USAID trains health and community outreach workers to help prevent and treat HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. Our program also strengthens Uganda’s decentralized health system, improves the quality of and access to family planning and maternal and newborn health services and supports the large-scale delivery of preventive services such as childhood immunizations and nutritional assistance.

Uganda’s population is among the fastest growing in the world. Strengthening health systems are critical to keeping up with rising demand.

We focus on improved health and nutrition for children under the age of five and women of reproductive age.

We currently train health and community outreach workers to help prevent and treat HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria.

USAID supports the large-scale delivery of services including immunization, nutritional assistance, and malaria prevention.

USAID supports the recruitment, deployment and performance monitoring of trained health workers throughout the country.

U.S. assistance works to reduce malaria through proven approaches such as indoor residual spraying and insecticide-treated bed nets.

Our goal is to develop a sustainable program that results in improved health and nutrition in focus districts and targeted populations.


Our conflict mitigation and reconciliation program has made significant contributions to the return of peace and development to Northern Uganda, which was profoundly affected by the 23-year Lord’s Resistance Army insurgency. USAID directly addresses conflict in the northeast region of Karamoja, and the massive influx of refugees escaping conflict in neighboring South Sudan.

USAID programming focuses on conflict prevention, conflict management capacity building and promotion of reconciliation in northern Uganda.

Since October 2016, the U.S. Government has provided $187 million in humanitarian assistance to refugees in Uganda.

More than 1.3 million people have escaped conflict in South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Burundi by seeking refuge in Uganda.

This influx has put increased pressure on the government of Uganda, local hosting communities, and international relief organizations.

The United States is the single largest donor of humanitarian assistance in Uganda, and as the crisis grows, so has our contribution.

USAID remains committed to responding to crises around the world, to help the people and places most in need.


At the core of our mission is a deep commitment to work as partners in fostering sustainable development. Rather than impose, we seek to empower and support through collaboration. We work hand-in-hand with those we seek to assist as well as others striving to support the most vulnerable. Nations and communities must increasingly be able to meet the needs of their citizens whether by providing health care, education, or economic opportunity.

To learn more about our activities in Uganda, visit us on the web at www.usaid.gov/uganda, or read our Report to the Ugandan People.

Created By
USAID Kampala

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