Your job with your group ( 3 or 4 maximum): "You are a journalist on an American TV channel. Interview Native Americans". Grammar: past, future, ago, ..for / ..since, have to , be able to (3 lessons with this one).
Origins: the first settlers
The correct names are "Native Americans" or "The First Nations" (because the "Indians" live in India, don't they ?). Native Americans were America's first inhabitants. They have been living on the American continent for a very long time. Their ancestors arrived from Siberia and Asia a very long time ago (maybe 24.000 years ago). They were able to move from Asia to America because there was ice. Groups of hunters followed and hunted animals (mammoths, reins, etc). They discovered (and settled) an immense continent where nobody lived ...
A new continent
The map shows the names of the different tribes (= groups) of Native peoples. They spread out on the vast continent and they discovered different animals and climates all over the continent. They had no choice: they had to adapt (= they were obliged to adapt) and new cultures "were born".
19th century: the total wipe out.
Europeans have been living in the USA for about 350 years. In the 19th century, people moved en masse from Europe to the USA. The new country gave people jobs, and the territories in the west were a good opportunity. New settlers came from Europe: they had diseases, alcohol, firearms, trains: Native American tribes were not able to resist (= they couldn't resist) ! Many of them were destroyed, wiped out.
The situation today
Native Americans have been living with problems since White people came ! Today, the situation is not very good for Native tribes in the USA. They are about 2% of the USA's total population. It is a minority. Many tribes are poor (they are the poorest people of the USA). A lot of them face problems like alcoholism, suicide, no education for the children, etc.
To conclude this story, let's see the positive sides for today's Native Americans. Many tribes are proud of being "Indians". They have been re-discovering their past history for about 30 years now and they revive it. They re-learn the old languages (they ask the old persons in their tribe), they re-play their ancient music and they go to pow-wow (big meetings for all tribes of the USA). They also open museums to show people how they lived in the past. Young Native Americans go to school and university.