HORROR FILM UNIT (AUG-OCT 2016)
- Distorted and weird (edgy shapes & shadows)
- Exaggerated movements/emotions
- The set is often described as bits of broken glass
- The plots of german expressionism inspired movies have been said to be nightmareish
- Mind control
EXAMPLES OF SOME GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM INSPIRED MOVIES ARE:
- Edward Scissorhands
DON'T MOVE - an award winning short film
- The use of silence - it's silent for the majority of the film, exaggerating every breath that the victims take, making every death just as tense as the next.
- The use of a demon (like a ghost)
- There was no set-up shot - just an Ouija board, implying that something has been summoned.
- An excessive use of blood, only adding tension to the audience for each victim's pain and death. The fact that the last person is walking around with blood all over her face makes it seem like she's dead already.
- ACT 1 - establishes characters - where they are, what time of day it is, who they are and what kind of relationship they have with each other.
- ACT 2 - introduces conflict.
- ACT 3 - resolution/recovery (not all horror films must have a resolution).
*Most horror films have jump scares around act 2-3.
- Film noir was developed during and after WW2 - taking advantage of the post-war ambience of anxiety, pessimism and suspicion.
- Modern day Noir is often called Neo-Noir.
- Often thrillers
- There was always a gullible male protagonist
- There was always a "femme fatale" - who lured the protagonist into doing things they normally wouldn't do (manipulative) and are often dressed in red (sexual promiscuity)
- Typically set in bars, motels or empty streets.
- Engages with fear of women
- Many demons in this film type are women
- The use of sound effects are essential
- Brought in the mix of diegetic and non-diegetic sounds (diegetic being the sound of the world within the film such as a sound of a remote clicking or simply dialogue, non-diegetic being added sounds such as a backing track)
The 3 steps to a jump scare
- False scare
- Real scare
Research on my given role (Vision Mixer) on the TriCaster
The role of the Vision Mixer, according to esfmedia - "Plans for using TriCaster to incorporate all elements simultaneously - music, all 3 camera feeds, graphics & VTs". The video I watched isn't exactly the same as the TriCaster that we've used, but the main idea of it is roughly the same, so I watched it for further insight on my role.
- To do this role, you will need to:
- Be able to work on a variety of different vision mixing desks and equipment
- Have a good understanding of the language of the transmission
- Be able to stay calm and react quickly and accurately under pressure
- Have high levels of concentration and stamina
- Have the discipline to respond to cues accurately according to predetermined plans
- Have the confidence to take the initiative and deal with unforeseen circumstances or problems when they arise
- Be able to multitask
- Have excellent organisational abilities
- Pay precise attention to detail
- Have excellent verbal and written communication skills, showing diplomacy, patience and sensitivity
- Have effective team working skills
- Have basic IT skills
- Have excellent visual and aural awareness, combined with artistic and aesthetic abilities
- Have excellent colour vision
- Have good sense of rhythm in order to produce accurate and sensitive transitions
- Be able to read a musical score, or to bar count
- Have knowledge of the requirements of the relevant health and safety legislation and procedures
- ADDITIONAL NOTES FROM VIDEO:
- Ignore the numbers and figures in the bottom right corner of the screen/along the bottom (they're unimportant for what we're doing in this unit)
- Top left hand corner - sources/channels (camera feeds, graphics/VT, black screen [for the end] etc.)
- Top right hand corner - the Television - split into 2 windows. On the left is the preview window (what you have selected but isn't playing) and on the right is the program window (what the audience/screen is currently seeing).
- Underneath the sources - the "mixer" or "M/E" (Mix Effect).
- It's smoother to play live footage straight after a VT if you have the live camera feed selected in cue while the VT is playing - once the VT is finished, the live camera feed will automatically start playing.
- NOTES TAKEN DURING REHEARSALS & FILMING: always be 100% concentrated and on the ball, listening to what the Autocue/Director (or whoever's calling out the camera change) is saying.
- Don't try to concentrate on what is being said to the camera operators and others on set - it doesn't help. If anything it slows you down/breaks concentration.
*I also used this research on the Vision Mixer to help structure and build my job application letter.
TV MAKE ANALYSIS: CBBC: Blue Peter - How to make your own Christmas card
***BEFORE YOU READ*** this TV show's target audience is aimed towards the older majority of the "young" audience (approx. 16-20 year olds) meaning that there is mature content - this analysis, however, will be focusing less on plot and more on how the producers, cast and fans of OITNB are using developing technology as a marketing tool to market towards their target audience.
A post requires at least 200-300 "upvotes" (likes) on a 9gag to make it to the "trending" page. To make it to the "hot" page, a post requires more than 1,000 upvotes within 10 days (and it has to go through the trending page first). If you're lucky, 9gag's FaceBook or Instagram page will post your content (only posts on the "hot" page are posted on the official 9gag page) and it has a chance of going viral. On March 3rd, Donald Trump became a nominee to be the president of the United States, and one smart user came up with a meme regarding both the television show "Orange is the New Black" with real-life political issues, which skyrocketed up to a total of 45,000 upvotes (*it is possible to downvote a post. So, including the downvotes, the post had an overall number of almost 46,000 votes. This does not include the people who saw it but didn't vote, so potentially hundreds of thousands of people could have seen it).
People instantly loved the post because it linked the two worlds of political issues and entertainment, and it's been reposted thousands and thousands of times throughout different social media platforms. The post went 9gag viral within days, even being posted by the official 9gag page on both Instagram AND Facebook (I would post screenshots but 9gag posts at least 10 times in one day and it would take hours to reach March 2016). Producers didn't even need to pay for this form of advertising. At the same time, another viral trend was going around - the slang term "Netflix and Chill", which is a term that was made purely by teenagers. Long story short, it became internet slang for having sex. People were using it jokingly regularly and it spread quickly on every social media platform, originally starting on twitter, which boosted the popularity of Netflix. With Orange is the New Black being the most popular Netflix Original, it was easy to find a way to advertise the television programme on the homepage. All these viral trends only built up a perfect storm. The popularity of Netflix and the popularity of OITNB from 9gag both being boosted at the same time at around March 2016 gave interested viewers 3 months to watch what series were already available until the next season came out - and Netflix played their cards right when they were advertising the build-up to the release of season 4. One month before the release, Netflix had a countdown at the bottom of the main page counting down the days, hours and minutes until the next season of OITNB was released, which was June 17th.
According to the measurement service, 6.7 million people watched the show’s season-four premiere from June 17, when it debuted on the service, through June 19. Over the same period, 5.9 million people watched the season’s second episode. That places OITNB in the same league as the most watched shows on cable for the same week. In Nielsen live-plus-three ratings, the June 19 episode of HBO’s “Game of Thrones” was cable’s most watched show with 10.4 million total viewers. The June 13 season premiere of TNT’s “Major Crimes” ranked second with 5.8 million.
Despite the overload of fans and popularity, there's also a lot of controversy that people are arguing about OITNB throughout social media. One of the main debates people are discussing with this show is the fact that Netflix has shaped viewers' perspectives on prisoners, exaggerating their lives in prison to make the audience feel like they have personal connections with prisoners. This fits perfectly into the Uses and Gratifications theory of Social Integration - when watching a TV show becomes hyper-real and the audience begin to become attached to the people and the stories they are watching. The show exaggerates the stories and feelings that the prisoners are put through to make it seem, to the audience, like they're innocent people and they're becoming "better people" through time when they're all criminals, having had to do SOME kind of criminal act in the first place to get them thrown in jail. This is one side of the argument which states that someone watching OITNB will develop emotional connections with not only the prisoners on TV, but for the cold-hearted prisoners in real life as well (proof of the hypodermic needle theory, stating that after watching a sad story, or any kind of story really, on television, the viewer will have an emotional reaction and feel sad, or react differently emotionally depending on the situation).
Other people argue that the humanizing of people who have been incarcerated has a positive effect on viewers, giving them insight on how even the smallest crimes could lead to permanent scarring in prison. Take Piper Chapman, for example - the main character of the popular television show, who accidentally smuggled drugs across the border into Berlin, being sentenced 15 months in jail. Piper was innocent at first, but harsh prison life forced her to mold into the shape of a tough cell mate, dealing drugs, setting up her own illegal business in jail, hiding the dead body of a prison guard, beating up someone who threatened to kill her - she even lost her fiancé, who was supporting her from outside of prison, along the way. Some say that this show is a perfect example of raising awareness for criminal justice and prison issues.
This storytelling approach “gives you a full, 360-degree sense of why they did what they did; how being poor or black or being born into a certain neighborhood drove them toward committing a crime,” says Maurice Chammah, a staff writer for the Marshall Project, an online publication focused on criminal justice.
Social Media Platforms & Fan pages
A new bunch of episodes in a season is released once a year. Television programmes like "The Walking Dead" and "Game of Thrones" release new episodes every week. So, how does this TV show still thrive if it only has 5 minutes of fame every year?
Orange is the New Black has official accounts on THREE of the top four most popular social networking platforms - Facebook (Orange is the New Black , 6.98million likes), Instagram (@oitnb , 3.3million followers) and twitter (@oitnb , 1.79million followers). Pictures and videos are posted weekly of sneak peeks of the filming in progress as well as sneak peeks into the daily lives of the actors and actresses involved. One example below is a recent sneak peek of what looks like Laura Prepon wearing a black robe and holding a clapperboard. To a normal person's eye, it's just a woman wearing a robe about to shoot for a television show, but fans take it to a whole new level - interpreting every little detail, like the fact that she isn't wearing any makeup and she's wearing a black robe instead of the prison uniform.
A lot of the time, the only thing people who run pages like these need to worry about is staying up-to-date on news and developing technology. The most popular time of the year for them to start binge-posting is when a new season comes out, which ties in to a quote by Donna Farrugia, executive director of The Creative Group: “Networking becomes even more important during periods of rapid change,”, which is an extremely important point to observe - on the day that Season 4 was released, the official page posted a total number of TWENTY-NINE photos and five videos of the cast all pumped and eager for its release. That would mean posting at least one picture per hour, or if it was over a series of 12 hours, more than 2 pictures per hour. When a viewer opens Instagram, the posts by the page reminds them to watch the new episodes released.
Orange is the New Black also seems to get a lot of support from fan-made accounts who not only post about what happens on set, but off set as well. The most popular fan account which is still active is @oitnb.uk on Instagram. Why do people make fan accounts, you ask? When fans are passionate about something, they like making their passion known. It's also so much easier to find others who have something in common or the same interests as you through social media than in real life.
Production Notes/Rehearsal Schedule
- Presenter - Aryan
- Director - Jeremy
- P.A. - Anshumaan
- Floor manager - Sachin
- Vision Mixer - Sophie
- Sound mixer - Harvey
- Camera 1 - Jason (also in charge of VT)
- Camera 2 - Cai
- Camera 3 - Matteo
(all planned on Messenger since we all had Facebook)
- A bowl
- Dish soap
- Paint (any colour you want)
- A straw
- A spoon
- Tissues (just to bring along to wipe down the table and spoon after rehearsals)
In order to market our make towards our target audience, which was ideally an audience ranging from 10-15 year olds, we could have put the video on YouTube and advertised it through Facebook, because for their age group, despite some ages being under the minimum age limit, Facebook is the most popular social media platform for that age group, with YouTube coming in second.
We have shared our make onto Youtube and have all had the option to be able to share it onto Facebook, Instagram and Twitter with our friends, with our family or just keep it to ourselves.