CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES FOR SUSTAINABLE FOREST.
By Syahiran Mustaqim bin Ahmad (E15A0286)
FOREST CONSERVATION is the practice of planning and maintaining forested area for the benefits and sustainability of future generation.
FOREST MANAGEMENT is is the branch of forestry that include administrative, economic, legal and social aspects.
- The natural forests in Malaysia are managed in accordance with the concepts and principles of sustained yield for all forms of forest produce.
- They have been managed by the Malayan Uniform System (MUS)
- The example of pratices is selective harvesting of dipterocarp forest in Malaysia
- The laws and regulations governing wildlife protection and conservation in Malaysia are separated between Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak.
- Penisular Malaysia - Forestry Act 1993 ( Akta Perhutanan Negara 1993)
- Sabah - Wildlife Conservation Enactment 1997
- Sarawak - Wildlife Protection Ordinance 1998 and The Sarawak Government Gazette
- Sustainable forest management in Canada is supported by laws, regulations and policies.
- Sustainable forest management decisions and activities are based on scientific research, rigorous planning processes and public consultation.
- Canada has developed laws, regulations and policies to enforce sustainable management standards and practices across the country.
THE EXAMPLES OF LAWS, REGULATIONS, POLICIES AND ENFORCEMENT.
- Set aside protected area.
- Protect wildlife.
- Respect Aboriginal and treaty rights.
- Specify harvesting and regeneration practices.
- Prevent illegal logging.
- LEGISLATION - Species at risk legislation has the potential used to protect forest habitat. The Canada softwood lumber dispute will likely affect tenure allocation and timber pricing that will benefits for forest conservation.
- NON- LEGISLATIVE GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES - The National Forest Strategy is prepared every five years by coalition of government, industry and NGO interests. The current strategy includes a number of progressives new items with potential conservation benefits. A close monitoring will be needed to encourage effective implementation.
- ALTERNATIVES FIBRES - A growing number of publishers are printing books on recycled stock with the most notable recent case being the Canadian edition of the new Harry Potter novel. Agricultural wastes offer another potential sources of fibre that could reduce logging pressures in natural forests.