Dairy Industry in Australia changes in the Industry

The Dairy Industry is one of Australia's leading export industries. It has a revenue of approximately 13 billion Australian dollars per year. Who would have thought it came from such meager beginnings to become a well-established industry in the south east states in Australia?
The first fleet arrived in New South Wales in 1788. There were seven cows that survived the long trip from England to Australia. After six years, from five cows and two bulls, a herd of 61 was established. Then the dairy industry spread to northern Victoria, Murray-Darling Basin. Because of the condition the cows were in, the dairy industry was put off for a while, while the dairy cows were slaughtered for meat instead.
In Southern New South Wales and Northern Victoria, along the Murray-Darling Basin, where there was water, cows were moved there because the ground was more fertile and cows could eat healthier grass to produce milk. Dairy farmers were selling to the direct public, in places where consumers were located. In the late 1700's, the co-operatives were in charge of everything. It was very much a local operation. By the 1800's, the dairy industry began to grow quickly.
Before the rise of the dairy industry, a bull would impregnant a cow then a calf was than produced. Afterwards the farmer would milk the excess milk by hand for his family uses. The average cow then would produce 6 to 7 times much, and it was used for dairy, milk and cheese.
The way that Australians have farmed has changed. Commercial farms have replaced small family farms to provide for the entire Australian community and countries overseas. By the late 1800s, refrigeration became more advanced, the industry was more advanced and became commercialised.
In order for each cows to produce milk, each cows have to have a calf, which happens each year in order for the factories to produce milk. About 12-24 house from when the calf is born, it is taken away from its mother and the milk is then extracted from the cow. The cow produces up to 50 liters of milk each day, more milk than her calf needs daily.
The current practices used are milking machines, where cows are being put in a barn and milking machines are attached to them. From there milk is vacuumed out of them. The milking machine itself weighs a lot, where it can often cause stretches, tearing and great pain to the cow.
Three weeks when a calf is born, the mother cow is then ready to conceive again, this process happens for about for about 10 months, then she is rested for a few weeks until she is ready to conceive again for another 10 months.
Benefits of commercialised Dairy are: • Fresh milk is being produced • Cows produce up 50 liters of milk each day • Milk that is produced is also used for making dairy products such as milk, cheese, yogurt etc…
Disadvantages of commerisalised Dairy are: • Cows are suffering in order to produce human consumption • Calves are being separated from their mother • Cows are used as milk machines
Done by: Margaret Nicolle
Created By
Margaret Nicolle


Created with images by Chiemsee2016 - "allgäu cow pasture" • Skitterphoto - "livestock cow cattle" • skeeze - "cows farm agriculture" • Unsplash - "cows bovine ear tags" • luagh45 - "slide0014_image009" • sipa - "cow milk cow beef" • Unsplash - "cow grass field" • Unsplash - "cows bovine ear tags" • ulleo - "cow pasture kiss" • LarsBorris - "cow animal nature" • Kapa65 - "meadow cows animals" • Kapa65 - "meadow cows animals"

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