The Veld/Veldt grassland biome


Average Rainfall: 15-30 inches

Average Temperature: -4°F to 86°F

Most seasons in grassland biomes are warm. The veld has a cool season in the summer months but the rest remain mostly warm and dry, giving it two seasons. It is a temperate grassland, resulting in differing areas within the veld dependent on how much rain each area receives. There are several of these areas, an example of which is the lowveld, which receives more precipitation than areas of veld that are at higher elevations.

Net Primary Productivity

The veld classifies as a temperate grassland. It receives minimal rain, to the point where it has almost as little rainfall as a desert. The growing season is quite extensive, although not so much as the tropical rain forest's. Grassland biomes, including the veld, are the third most common biome. This biome is found in the middle latitudes.

Soil Quality

Due to decomposing roots in the soil, the top layers of veld soil are dark and fertile. This rich soil has led to it becoming mostly used for farming and grazing.

Invasive and Endangered

Invasive Crested Myna

This is the crested myna. Native to China and Indochina, this bird was introduced to Africa as people kept it as a pet. Now it threatens several native species as it can out compete them for food. It also poses a threat to farmer's crops, as it eats those, too.

Endangered African Wild Dog

Shown in the photo is an African wild dog with pups. This species is endangered due to being hunted or killed accidentally by humans (O in HIPPCO). They are also at risk due to farmers encroaching on the grasslands (H in HIPPCO).

Animals in the Biome


Springboks are common in the South African veld. This is thanks to their agility and speed. Their top speed is 55 mph maximum, which is higher than the top speed of other predators in the area, including lions (who have top speeds of 50 in short bursts.) Also aiding their speed is their small adult size. At the shoulder, they're around 2-3 feet tall, and they weigh between 66 and 110 pounds. As such, they are able to outrun predators easily and thrive in the veld.


Zebras, being grazing animals, are very common in the African veld (and savannas). They have become so populous due to their herding behavior in combination with their stripes. Their stripes confuse and intimidate predators as it may appear that there are more zebras present than there are in actuality. These strange adaptations allow for their survival.

Grey tit

The tit is a very common bird in several parts of the world, including South Africa and the veld. They are very intelligent and adaptive. Proof of their adaptive abilities comes in the fact that they eat a very wide variety of insects. Having such a large range of insects that they can eat allows for them to live almost anywhere successfully and find food where other birds would not.

Plants in the Veld

Red Grass

The coloring of this grass lives up to its name. The reason it's able to survive so well in the veld is because it actually is resistant to fire and spreads quickly after one occurs. Since the veld is a grassland that experiences fires more frequently than other biomes and relies on this to grow, the red grass is able to thrive.

Yellow Thatching Grass

This grass is grazed upon, but it eventually becomes resilient. Later in this plant's life, it grows dense and too difficult for animals to eat. With many grazing animals inhabiting the veld, being that tough is extremely helpful to the grass' survival and growth.

Acacia Trees

Acacia trees exist in both the savanna and the veld. The tree is able to survive animals preying on it by growing thorns. They also are able to thrive in areas with little water as they grow sturdy, deep roots in order to get more water from the soil. Both of these adaptions help the Acacia tree remain common in the African veld.

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