The carbon cycle is having a drastic effect on the Arctic hare. The greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere are leading to a warming of the planet. As the planet warms, the habitat of the hare is being destroyed. Without the snow and ice that the hare lives on, the hare will have nowhere to live and no source of water. In addition, the melting of ice will create a marsh-like environment that the Arctic hare is not suited for. Carbon is also found in the plants that the hare eats and among the rocks that makes up the ecosystem.
The niche of the arctic hare is to be a main prey for the carnivores and omnivores of the arctic such as foxes and polar bears. The Arctic hare is a keystone species in the ecosystem. The Arctic hare disperses the seeds which they eat through their feces. The arctic hare burrows in fresh snow that is big enough to create warmth. Therefore they need fresh snowfall to survive. During mating season arctic hares separate and reproduce once per year in the spring. The hares obtain their food by searching for food even though it may be scarce. They eat woody plants, lichens, and mosses but can eat berries and leaves in the warmer seasons. The arctic hare can survive in -40 degrees Celsius to 20 degrees Celsius. Their optimum temperature is around 5 degrees Celsius. The Arctic hare lives in the dry areas of the arctic. They cannot live in the marsh or on large pieces of ice (because they cannot find food). They also live above the tree line.
- The arctic hare can survive in -40 degree celsius to 20 degrees celsius.
- The hare can handle to be 6-10 inches of precipitation.
- There needs to be small plants along the ground for the hare to eat.
- There needs to be other Arctic hares around nearby for the hares to reproduce.
One predator of the arctic hare is the Arctic Gyrfalcon. They hunt the hares by swooping down and catching the hares by surprise. They cut the arctic hare in half first and take them to their nest. The bones are used in the nests afterward. Fleas are a parasite of the arctic hare. They consume the blood of the host which is a hare. They move throughout the fur of the animal. Fleas can spread diseases and cause itchiness to the host.