The World According To Nicholas Cross

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Most of the places on the bucket list

What does it mean to be a good citizen?

In order to be a good citizen, there are many things you need to do. For example you need to follow the laws of your community to keep things fair and orderly. There are two main categories that you need to understand in order to be a good citizen; responsibilities and rights. Responsibilities are things that you should do such as pay taxes, and you do these things so that your society gets better. Rights are things that you have the ability to do such as to vote or Freedom of Speech. Some people might have different rights than others, depending on who they are. In conclusion in order to be a good citizen, you need to be informed about your society and act respectfully and responsibly.

What do you think is the most effective style of government and why?

Out of the different types of government, democracy is the most effective style of government. This is because in a democracy, the citizens can have a say in things that could affect their lives. One example of a democracy is the United States, where citizens take part in voting. In the United States, the government is working very well, so it is working for them. Another reason that a democracy is the best style of government is because the leader can't have total control because there is a constitution and rule of law. This means that everybody needs to follow the laws in the constitution, and that a democracy is a form of limited government. A limited government is when the leader or ruler can't have total control over the lives of the citizens. Lastly in a democracy, the rights of citizens are respected, and the responsibilities are usually taken care of. This means that everything is fair in a democracy. Although democracy is the most effective style of government, the citizens play a big part in keeping the society a fair and enjoyable place to be.

What forces work for and against supranational cooperation among nations?

In the supranational organization of the European Union, there are many forces that work for and against member countries collaborating cooperatively. Two examples of the centripetal forces, or forces working for the cooperation in the EU, are the common market, and the trade bloc. The common market is a centripetal force because it makes it easier to trade among countries because there aren’t any trade barriers or tariffs. Tariffs are the taxes that you need to pay when you trade with other countries if you are not in a common market. The trade bloc is a centripetal force because when all the countries work together, they promote trade in their nation and the global economy. On the other hand, there are also forces that work against the cooperation in the EU called centrifugal forces. Two examples of centrifugal forces are the more than 20 languages in the EU and the different cultural traditions. The many languages are a centrifugal force because it makes it hard to communicate when there isn't one common language. The different cultural traditions make it hard because every country in the EU does not share foods, music, or religion. For example, if a group of people have a tradition to leave their food out after they cook it, but the EU has a law against it, these people have a conflict. The EU has many centripetal and centrifugal forces at work that affect supranational cooperation among the nations of the European Union.

How do people adapt to living in desert region?

People have learned how to adapt to a desert environment by doing things like living near an oasis and wearing the proper clothes. In a desert region, the most populated areas are usually near rivers, lakes and oases. The most important resource that an oasis provides for the people who live there is water. Water is a rare resource in a desert region, but is critical for survival. Therefore, people want the water in the oasis, so they settle there. Another important resource that an oasis provides is date palms. Date palms provide shade and food to the people that settle there. The shade that the date palms provide give farmers a place to grow cash crops such as wheat, barley, and vegetables. The food that they provide are important because it is hard to find food in a desert region, so it is a good resource. People also adapt to living in a desert region is by wearing proper clothes. A group called the Tuareg wear loose blue clothing to protect them from the heat. Men in the Tuareg also wear cloth wrapped around their faces to help keep out the sun. This is very helpful because it can get really hot and dry in a desert region, so it's important to stay cool. These are only two of the ways that people adapt to a life in a desert region but are critical for survival.

How can a valuable resource affect a region?

A valuable resource can affect a region in a few different ways. For example, in Southwest and Central Asia, oil has really affected the region in both wealth and state of living. Oil has improved the wealth of the people in countries that have many oil reserves such as Saudi Arabia, and Iran. Some people benefit very much from this money in their lives, especially the poor. The problem is, the money is almost never distributed evenly among the residents of the region. Sometimes the profit from the oil could be spent on things like highways, cities, etc. Oil is a non-renewable source which means that there isn't an infinite supply of it. This means that once you run out of it, you can't use it anymore. If a country runs out of oil, it won't be good because people won't have as much money so the country's per capita GDP will go down. Another benefit of having a valuable resource in your region is that the life expectancy goes up. With the money that a country makes from this valuable resource, it can provide the citizens with more and better medicines to help humans to survive longer. In Southwest Asia, the life expectancy has gone up by 15 years of age! This shows that in this region this has been a huge effect. Lastly, one more benefit of having a valuable resource in your country is that the infant mortality rate goes down. This means that the rate of babies that die under one year old is much lower. In Bahrain, one of the countries of Southeast Asia, this has really impacted it. Due to the large amounts of oil in the country, they were able to have a better environment with better doctors. Now Bahrain has one of the lowest infant mortality rates in Southwest and Central Asia. Southwest Asia owns ⅔ of the world's oil and it only consists of 25 countries. There have been many benefits for having this resource in their country. This shows that having a valuable resource in your country can benefit you in three key ways, life expectancy goes up, infant mortality goes down, and the country gets much more wealthy.

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