How To Draw According to Hannah Rice

Materials

  • 11x14 Mixed Media Paper
  • 11x14 Pad of Tracing Paper
  • Artist Drawing Pencil Set – Range 4H-8B
  • Rubber Eraser
  • Kneaded Eraser
  • Pencil Sharpener (not pictured)
  • White Artist Tape
  • Straight Edge – T-Square- Ruler
  • Graphite paper
  • Picture of any size (I took an 8x10 photo of my friend)

THings to know

  • Known Measurements are measurements you are already certain of their width and length. Such as the length or width of your paper.
  • Sighting in drawing refers to the measurement of figures/objects in a visual way between other figures/objects in the composition.
  • Proportion refers to the correction depiction of the all the parts related to each other in a shape/form within a realistic painting or drawing.
  • Value scale refers to the gradual movement from black to gray to white.
  • Format relates to the size and shape of a drawing.
  • An edge is the place where two different colors, textures or values meet. Edges may be characterized in a variety of ways.
  • Soft edges blend together, making it difficult to distinguish where one texture/color/value stops and another begins.
  • Hard edges are edges that portray a strong contrast between one texture/color/value with another. These edges are hard and crisp, and as such they grab the eye's attention.
  • Lost edges disappear; the transition between two colors/values/textures cannot easily be seen because the transition between the two is gradual.
  • The composition is the organization of the art elements in a drawing. These art elements include shape, color, movement, line, tone, color, edges and perspective.
  • A rendering is simply an interpretation of a figure/object/scene. A drawing may be termed “a good rendering” or “a bad rendering” depending on how closely or how well the item being depicted is drawn.

Measuring

To begin add a 1 inch boarder around your single piece of transfer paper

Next, you will use your pencil to take an accurate measurement of your picture. To take a measurement you will place your thumb on your pencil and lay the pencil onto your paper. Then, you will line your thumb up with the edge of the paper and the tip of the pencil at whatever point you would like to capture. After that, you will take your measurement on the same picture and measure how many times it goes into a known measurement. Once you collect that information remove your hand from your pencil and move over to your tracing paper. Take a guess at where you believe that measurement and recall how many times your measurement went into the known measurement and you your guess to make sure that both go into their known measurements the same amounts of time.

For the visual learners, I uploaded a good reference from youtube so that you can understand the gist of how to measure with a pencil. Please note that he carries across his pencil this is to create an exact measure of a drawing that is going to be the same size as your picture. You will still need to measure the known measurements of both your picture and your drawing to resize your drawing.

Transfering

Once you complete the drawing on the tracing paper to accurate proportion you will begin the transfer process. First, grab an unblemished piece of mixed media paper. Second, place your tracing paper on top of your mixed media. Third, place your graphite paper in between the two piece of paper and lightly trace over your drawing.

Shading

After you finish all of your tracing you will begin your shading onto your mixed media paper. To create a clean and effortless look to your drawing you should use the small circles method (I do not think that is the official name, but you will understand in one moment). Start from your darkest value to make your rage wider. Begin lightly shading in a small circular motion all across your drawing until it looks just like your picture (This is a lot easier said than done). I like to use a 2B pencil as my mid-tone and go up and down from there.

Flapping

Flapping sounds very funny, but it is very crucial to save your graphite from rubbing off everywhere. I am going to add a video that my Drawing 1 professor made to explain flapping. (The flapping begins after the first eleven minutes.)

SHOW people your work

My friend with my finished drawing of her.

Credits:

Created with images by Fotownetrza - "card line a pair of scissors"

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