The Gilded Age A Time of Change

The Gilded Age was a time of great change and social upheaval. It was also a time of social reform, spurred by disasters such as, the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire and the Haymarket Riot. Immigration was at an all-time high and Ellis Island was the first stop in the American Dream. It was also a time of persecution for certain ethnic groups and led to the passing of the Chinese Exclusion Act. Many immigrants were detained on Angel Island, some for years.

The Gilded Age showed a marked population increase in cities. Whereas in 1860 no single city had a million inhabitants, by 1890 New York, Chicago, and Philadelphia had over one million people. This gave rise to the middle class and the rise of powerful political machines.

  • Cornelius Vanderbilt: Shipping and railroad tycoon who was one of the wealthiest men of the 19th century and was worth more than $100 million when he died.
  • Andrew Carnegie: Steel tycoon and one of the wealthiest businessmen of the 19th century. Known for his philanthropy.
  • John D Rockerfeller: Founder of Standard Oil and considered the wealthiest American of all time. Donated more than $500 million to various causes.
  • Joseph Pulitzer: Newspaper editor and publisher. Wrote shocking stories, used many photos, and cartoons to attract readers.
  • Henry Ford: Revolutionized assembly line production. Created the Ford Motor Company in 1903 and the Model T in 1908.
Andrew Carnegie

Music hall founded by Andrew Carnegie

Standard Oil founded John D. Rockerfeller

Rockerfeller Plaza

Henry Ford

Model T

Joseph Pulitzer

Wall mural of Joseph Pulitzer

The Chinese Exclusion Act sought to limit Chinese immigration

Angel Island: Many Chinese immigrants were detained here

Angel Island Post Office

Statue of Liberty: Often the first sight immigrants saw

Ellis Island: first stop to the "American Dream"

Ellis Island: Personal effects left behind

Ellis island: checking for infectious diseases

Cornelius Vanderbilt

Vanderbilt University: founded by Cornelius Vanderbilt

One of the positive outcomes of the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire was the formation of fire safety laws.

Aftermath of Triangle Shirtwaist Fire

Victims of Triangle Shirtwaist Fire

Riot Gear

Railroad Trestle

Railroads became a major means of transportation

Andrew Carnegie

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Created with images by soukup - "Taxes/Supremes" • skeeze - "vintage andrew carnegie man" • QuotesEverlasting - "“As I grow older, I pay less attention to what people say. I just watch what they do.” — Andrew Carnegie" • cliff1066™ - "Andrew Carnegie Music Hall" • Mark Morgan Trinidad B - "Standard Oil Company Service" • ciamabue - "Rockerfeller Plaza" • Cea. - "Henry Ford on innovation" • jodelli - "Henry Ford Museum" • ConspiracyofHappiness - "Joseph Pulitzer sculpture" • Nic*Rad - "Joseph_Pulitzer" • ahisgett - "Pulitzer" • ralphrepo - "Toy Vendor, Chinatown, San Francisco [c1900s] Arnold Genthe [RESTORED]" • egorick - "Immigration Station, Angel Island" • - "Angel Island history" • VirginiaG - "statue freedom america" • David Jones - "Ellis Island from a helicopter" • zopalic - "vintage luggage ellis island new york" • NIAID - "Ellis Island Public Health Service Physicians" • cliff1066™ - "Cornelius Vanderbilt" • Jim Larrison - "Visiting Vanderbilt" • Kheel Center, Cornell University Library - "Cartoon "Inspector of Buildings" refers to the Triangle fire and depicts a skeleton dressed as a building inspector. Sign reads "Record fire for New York, 145 lives lost!!!! Guilding fire proof. Only fire escape collapsed. Inspector."" • Kheel Center, Cornell University Library - "Interior view of the tenth-floor work area in the Asch Building after the Triangle fire" • Family Tree Magazine - "Bodies from Triangle Shirtwaist fire" • MIKI Yoshihito. (#mikiyoshihito) - "RIOT POLICE" • Mark Spearman - "Double Track Railroad Bridge" • werner22brigitte - "locomotive steam locomotive train" • skeeze - "vintage andrew carnegie man"

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