The Vietnam War BY: Katie Therrien

Values/Beliefs: Vietnamese people have believed in the existence of a supernatural/spirt world for a long time. They think spirt's exerted a great influence on the course of human life. Also that Plants, and animals have souls. Buddhism is the most common religion in Vietnam. It is also known that they worship many gods. Such as the gods of the moon, sun, land, and mountain. The six major religions of Vietnam are, Buddhism, Catholicism, Protestantism, Muslim, Caodaism and Hoa Hao Buddhism.

Tactics video: http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/vietnam-war-history/videos/vietnam-war-tactics

Tactics: Vietnam built tunnels, ambushed US patrols, set up booby traps and used guerrilla warfare, which the US had no idea about. Also The National Liberation Front, which was a political organization with a army first established in South Vietnam in 1954 in form of “Saigon-Cholon Peace Committee”. America on the other hand used B52 bombers, helicopters and artillery.

Homefront in America: US citizens were not supportive of the war at all. Many anti-war organizations were created. For example the Committee for Non-Violent Action and the Committee for Sane Nuclear Policy were formed in order to begin an anti-war movement. Homefront in Vietnam: The war affected both North and South Vietnam. Over 2,000,000 people were killed, and another 3,00,000 wounded, and hundreds of thousands of children left to be orphans. The physical environment was destroyed and still is recovering today.

Music

Music was a propaganda technique. It influenced US citizens on there right to promote peace. Many had music playing at their peace protests. A song that was popular during this time was, "blowing in the wind" By Bob Dylan. In Vietnam during this time John Prine and John Lennon were popular musician.

Propaganda is the US was mostly trying to get citizens to join the war. They needed as many people as they could get, so propaganda was a popular way of doing that. In Vietnam propaganda was promoting the war and using visuals to show they would win. They had symbols to get their message across.

Protests:

Protests were most common in the US. Many people were against the war, so hundreds of protests happened. In 1959 on November 15, the Anti-Vietnam protest in Washington D.C. took place. A estimate of 500,000 people went. College kids, mothers, kids and etc. all went to these marches. Peace and ending the war were most common on posters and was the main thing being promoted. Many sighs and many people went to them and marched.

Media- At the begging of the war television wasn't a common source. But by the end, became the most important source of news. Photographers, journalist, and reporters are also how some people got their information.

Economics:

The needs for the war in the US unbalanced and affected the production of consumer goods. In factories instead of making goods, items such as weapons were made for the military and war. Doing this brought the economy down and interest rates rose.

Government/Foreign Policy- North Vietnam and its allies in South Vietnam had something called the Vietcong. The vietcong was a political organization and had some control over the vietnamese military. They government had a gorilla warfare troop in place and controlled all military actions. John F. Kennedy was the US president during the war. He made many speeches and did a lot of negotiating.

The Draft - US: In the US two thirds of the troops have been volunteered, the rest were selected through the military draft. No Americans wanted to participate in the war. As a matter of fact, American who did participate were, 25% poor, fifty-5% working-class, 25% middle-class men, but very few came from upper-classes families. Many soldiers came from rural towns and farming communities. Some college kids ran just to not be drafted.

The Draft - Vietnam: There were two drafts. The first one was based on birth dates. There were 366 blue plastic caps containing birth dates placed into a deep glass container. The capsules was drawn by hand, and thats how people were chosen. The second draft was. The second lottery was on the same day with 26 letters of the alphabet to determine the order of selection among men. With the same birth dates through the ranks of the first letters of their last, first and middle names. 19year olds were wanted first.

Family roles - In Vietnam family is very important. Respect from the children is expected. The oldest man has the responsibility and acts as the leader. He usually is sent to war, while the mother stays home with the children. The children learn from a young age to be responsible and take responsibility for their actions.
Re-intergration into society- The Vietnam war impacted veterans in multiply ways. Most combat soldiers witnessed violence and lost friends right in front of their eyes. So coming back, a majority were affected with post traumatic stress disorder, flash backs and more. The Vietnam War Memorial was created to remember all the soldiers. Not only coming back with mental issues, many came back with physical dysfunctions too. Fifty-eight thousand were killed, two thousand captured, and three hundred fifty thousand were mainly wounded. Re-intergration was not easy.
soldiers after war
Purpose: The war lasted from 1955-1975. The U.S. government saw, involvement in the war as a way to prevent a communist from taking over South Vietnam. The Vietnam War was fought between North Vietnam and the government of Southern Vietnam. The North was supported by communist countries such as China and the Soviet Union. The South was supported by anti-communist countries, primarily the United States. When the United state was involved and fought, they lost the war.

Race Equality

African Americans have served in every war but still don't get the credit they deserve. In Vietnam, 10% who served were black, 88% were white and the other 2% belonged to another race. Civil rights movement and MLK did make a big impact at the time. The Vietnam war lasted from 1955 to 1975. With the overlapping of the civil rights movement happening from 1954-1968. With the Civil Rights movement and the Vietnam War happening race equality was changing through that time.

Credits:

Created with images by manhhai - "Vietnam war 1972"

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