Values/Beliefs- Before and during the war Vietnamese believed in Buddhism, Christianity, and Confucianism. they would show respect for people of a higher age, status, and position, which is a strict part of their culture, during the war soldiers would forget about their values. After the war many psychological, social, and moral issues such as PTSD started to develop and families were damaged which made it hard to continue your beliefs.
Tactics- The tactics of the Chinese were to split into small groups when under attack, hideout in tunnel networks for supplies or even medical help, or blend in with civilians for surprise attacks on their enemies. The Chinese would normally take out individual outposts one at a time and they would split up into groups of 50 to 200 men, or set up many booby traps to kill Americans wherever we went.
Home front- In America there were many anti war marches and protests that started at colleges and spread to a large thing. As more of our soldiers died and many wounded it was costing the U.S about $25 billion per year from tax payers, as the casualties went up they would send more troops which added to the anger of the Americans.
Music- Music was a way of protesting that was spread easier, large artists such as The Beatles, Bob Dylan, and Edwin Starr joined in the help spread the word about the war. For example Edwin starr recorded the song "War" The lines clearly talk about war such as this one repeated line "War! what is it good for? Absolutely nothin'." John Lennon who was a part of The Beatles created a song called "Give Peace a Chance" The song relates to the war as it talks about giving peace a chance and that war isn't the way of life.
Propaganda- a few of the things that were propaganda during the war were things such as promotion in trust for the Government because there was so much secrecy of the war and the public didn't like not knowing what was going on. Another propaganda of the war is that America came to aid the south which is untrue. Media has a big influence on people and they believed what they read, even if they didn't know if it was true or not.
Protests- There were many protests and marches against the war in America mainly led by SDS (Students For a Democratic Society) October 21, 1967 was one of the biggest protests, 100,000 people gathered around the Lincoln memorial, hundreds of people were arrested. People were angry about the war and how much it was costing in tax dollars and in lives of soldiers which is what sparked up the protests in the first place.
- Media- The Vietnam war was covered by
- news stories
- TV was the biggest way of people to be informed by whats going on. This war was so covered over media they called it "The Living Room War" because at the end of the day American families would watch the TV to stay updated on the recent activity on the war.
Economics- There were many problems with the economy such as Industrial imbalances and high taxes. We spent about $168 billion on war expenses. Taxes were raised more and more as there were more casualties, people going out to fight, and production of war supplies. Industrial imbalances occurred because we were producing more war supplies in factories than things we needed. Americans were angry about all the stuff they were forced to do to help the war which is what sparked up protests.
Government/Foreign policy-the United States ended the military draft and they switched it to an all-volunteer army. The Vietnam War made Americans scared of foreign affairs and we became more cautious when getting involved in other countries problems. A lot of trust was lost in the Government after we lost the war.
The Draft- A draft is when men were drafted to fill empty spots in the United States Armed forces, they needed men the most when we started to lose a ton of soldiers. The age range was 18-25 and two thirds of American troops were volunteered. Most soldiers were from poor or low working class families.
Family Roles- As young men would be drafted it would put families in a deep stress state to whether or not their family will come back from the war, and if they didn't it can put people into a depression. When soldiers came back they were never the same, they would have PTSD, depression, anxiety, nervous traumatized etc. For the families in North and South Korea they said it was traumatizing and they remember it clearly, it was a time of pain and loss. Spouses that were left behind learned to manage their lives on their own, taking care of children, doing all the work etc.
Re-integration into society- many soldiers had troubles re-integrating into society after the war. Most soldiers experience issues such as nightmares, flashbacks, anger, or feeling nervous, helpless, or fearful. Soldiers can usually go back to normal in a few weeks to a month, if not they may suffer from PTSD. It can be shocking to go back home where you're safe some people may have sleeping problems, headaches, sweats, stomach aches, easily upset, rapid heartbeat, or inability to enjoy things or be happy. Coming back home may make someone feel out of place and makes it weird to be back to normal civil life. Many veterans have problems with loud noises or surprises because it reminds them of when in combat which could lead to a bad reaction.
purpose- The purpose of the Vietnam war was to help protect South Vietnam from the communist North Vietnam. The reason why the US joined in was because of the domino theory of a wider containment policy, which basically is to stop the spreading od communism worldwide.
Race Equality- both black and white young men were thrown into war, racism and prejudice was a war inside a war. Vietnam war was the first racially integrated conflict. President Johnson predicted problems with politics but race never popped into his mind. Racial violence was also a problem within the American troops, which is what made people tense and it triggered the black power era in America.