Personal Development & Relationship, Health and Sex Education Curriculum Ward Green Primary School

Intent: Knowledge, Skills and the National Curriculum

Our approach to the PD & RSHE curriculum ensures that it is taught discretely outside of topic time to ensure depth and rigour. The PD & RSHE curriculum has been developed from the National Curriculum and statutory guidance for RSE in primary schools, which ensures it supports pupils' spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development and prepares them for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of life. We feel it is important that it develops the qualities and attributes pupils need to thrive as individuals, family members and members of society.

At Ward Green, the PD & RSHE Curriculum sets out learning opportunities for each key stage, in each core theme, organised under subheadings. These learning opportunities should be used flexibly to plan a programme according to pupils’ development, readiness and needs, and taking into account prior learning, experience and understanding.

Learning from one area may be related and relevant to others. Whilst this framework distinguishes three separate core themes, there will be extensive overlap, so when planning schemes of work, teachers may draw from more than one theme. For example, Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) falls within both ‘Health and Wellbeing’ and ‘Relationships’, as sexual health should always be considered as an element of health education but also taught within the context of healthy relationships. Similarly, whilst they are specifically addressed where appropriate, assessing and managing risk and managing life online are integrated throughout all three core themes.

PD & RSHE education contributes to personal development by helping pupils to build their confidence, resilience and self-esteem, and to identify and manage risk, make informed choices and understand what influences their decisions. It enables them to recognise, accept and shape their identities, to understand and accommodate difference and change, to manage emotions and to communicate constructively in a variety of settings. Developing an understanding of themselves, empathy and the ability to work with others will help pupils to form and maintain good relationships, develop the essential skills for future employability and better enjoy and manage their lives.

We have created supplementary guidance on sex education which is additional, but non-statutory content that parents have a right to withdraw their child from.

Implementation: Accelerated Learning

At WGPS, PD & RSHE education addresses both pupils’ current experiences and preparation for their future. The spiral curriculum design allows children to develop knowledge, skills and attributes, where prior learning is revisited, reinforced and extended year on year. This is grounded in the established evidence base for effective practice in PD & RSHE education.

During key stages 1 and 2, our PD & RSHE curriculum offers both explicit and implicit learning opportunities and experiences which reflect pupils’ increasing independence and physical and social awareness, as they move through the primary phase. It builds on the skills that pupils started to acquire during the Early Years Foundation stage (EYFS) to develop effective relationships, assume greater personal responsibility and manage personal safety, including online. PD & RSHE education helps pupils to manage the physical and emotional changes at puberty, introduces them to a wider world and enables them to make an active contribution to their communities.

The Accelerated Learning Cycle, based on the work of Alastair Smith, is applied in all lessons. It stems from the idea of a supportive and challenging learning environment. The cycle has active engagement through multi-sensory learning, encourages the demonstrating understanding of learning in a variety of ways and the consolidation of knowing.

At WGPS, we ensure we provide opportunities for children to personally develop by immersing themselves in our three core themes that are at the heart of the our PD & RSHE curriculum offer:

Health and Well-being, Relationship and Living in the Wider World
Break Down of the Core Themes

We provide to the children through developing their understanding of the fundamental British values of: democracy, individual liberty, the rule of law and mutual respect and tolerance in order to develop responsible, respectful and active citizens who are able to play their part and become actively involved in public life as adults in the 21st Century.

At WGPS, we take particular pride in The Thrive Approach which we utilise with our children, drawing on insights from recent advances in neuroscience, attachment theory and child development to provide a powerful way of working with children and young people that supports optimal social and emotional development. We ensure staff are able to access Thrive CPD and we provide support and interventions to children to promote the personal development of all children, particularly those with additional social and emotional needs.

Impact: Assessment

PD & RSHE is largely assessed formatively by the class teacher. By knowing the class well and establishing ground rules early on, the class teacher creates close, positive relationships with the children in which they are able to assess the understanding of the children during each topic. Teachers will provide written and verbal feedback based on reflections of the children to challenge their thinking and extend them further. In Early Years Foundation Stage, we assess children’s knowledge and understanding according to the relevant aspects of the Development Matters. The information gathered will inform subsequent teaching and learning.

As a school, we believe that reflection time is an important step in pupil learning and progress. We ensure that our pupils are given time to reflect upon their learning. Reflection helps us to recognise what and how we have learned and what we need to focus on in the future. Reflection should be about valuing and encouraging pupil involvement – getting them to share ideas, listen to each other and develop the confidence to join in.

Alongside formative assessment, the curriculum document for PD & RSHE is regularly highlighted to identify any gaps or misconceptions to be addressed. This allows children to acquire complex skills that depends on the fundamentals of their prior knowledge in a well designed curriculum sequence.


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